Coal Reserves in India

COAL is the most important and abundant fossil fuel in India. It accounts for 55% of the country’s energy need. The country’s industrial heritage was built upon indigenous coal.

Commercial primary energy consumption in India has grown by about 700% in the last four decades. The current per capita  commercial primary energy consumption in India is about 350 kgoe/year which is well below that of developed countries. Driven by the rising population, expanding economy and a quest for improved quality of life, energy usage in India is expected to rise around 450 kgoe/year  in 2010. Considering the limited reserve potentiality of petroleum & natural gas, eco-conservation restriction on hydel project and geo-political perception of nuclear power, coal will continue to occupy centre-stage of India ‘s energy scenario.

With hard coal reserves around 246 billion tonnes, of which 92 billion tonnes are proven, Indian coal offers a unique ecofriendly fuel source to domestic energy market for the next century and beyond. Hard coal deposit spread over 27 major coalfields, are mainly confined to eastern and south central parts of the the country. The lignite reserves stand at a level around 36 billion tonnes, of which 90 %  occur in the southern State of Tamil Nadu.

Coal Reserves

As a result of exploration carried out up to the depth of 1200m by the GSI, CMPDI and MECL etc, a cumulative total of 267.21 Billion tonnes of Geological Resources of Coal have so far been estimated in the country as on 1.4.2010. The state-wise distribution of coal resources and its categorisation are as follows:

State Geological Resources of Coal
Proved Indicated Inferred Total
Andhra Pradesh 9256.51 9730.37 3029.36 22016.24
Arunachal Pradesh 31.23 40.11 18.89 90.23
Assam 348.65 35.85 3.02 387.52
Bihar 0.00 0.00 160.00 160.00
Chattisgarh 12441.01 30230.12 4010.88 46682.01
Jharkhand 39633.05 30992.38 6338.26 76963.69
Madhya Pradesh 8504.85 11266.70 2216.07 21987.62
Maharashtra 5359.82 2983.76 1964.51 10308.09
Meghalaya 89.04 16.51 470.93 576.48
Nagaland 8.76 0.00 306.65 315.41
Orissa 21506.66 32074.29 12726.30 66307.25
Sikkim 0.00 58.25 42.98 101.23
Uttar Pradesh 866.05 195.75 0.00 1061.80
West Bengal 11752.54 13029.61 5070.69 29852.84
Total 109798.17 130653.70 36358.54 276810.41

The Type and Category-wise coal resources of India as on 1.4.2009 are given in table below:

Type of Coal Proved Indicated Inferred Total
(A) Coking :-
-Prime Coking 4614 699 0 5313
-Medium Coking 12449 12064 1880 26393
-Semi-Coking 482 1003 222 1707
Sub-Total Coking 17545 13766 2102 33413
(B) Non-Coking:- 87798 109614 35312 232724
(C) Tertiary Coal 477 90 506 1073
Grand Total 105820 123470 37920 267210

Status of Coal Resources in India during Last Five Years:

As a result of Regional, Promotional and Detailed Exploration by GSI, CMPDI and SCCL etc, the estimation of coal resources of India has reached to 267.21 Bt. The estimates of coal resources in the country during last 5 years are given below:

(in Million Tonnes)

As on Geological Resources of Coal
Proved Indicated Inferred Total
1.1.2004 91631 116174 37888 245693
1.1.2005 92960 117090 37797 247847
1.1.2006 95866 119769 37666 253301
1.1.2007 97920 118992 38260 255172
1.4.2007 99060 120177 38144 257381
1.4.2008 101829 124216 38490 264535
1.4.2009 105820 123470 37920 267210
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SUMIT KUMAR

Executive at India Electron Exchange

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