Coal Reserves in India
COAL is the most important and abundant fossil fuel in India. It accounts for 55% of the country’s energy need. The country’s industrial heritage was built upon indigenous coal.
Commercial primary energy consumption in India has grown by about 700% in the last four decades. The current per capita commercial primary energy consumption in India is about 350 kgoe/year which is well below that of developed countries. Driven by the rising population, expanding economy and a quest for improved quality of life, energy usage in India is expected to rise around 450 kgoe/year in 2010. Considering the limited reserve potentiality of petroleum & natural gas, eco-conservation restriction on hydel project and geo-political perception of nuclear power, coal will continue to occupy centre-stage of India ‘s energy scenario.
With hard coal reserves around 246 billion tonnes, of which 92 billion tonnes are proven, Indian coal offers a unique ecofriendly fuel source to domestic energy market for the next century and beyond. Hard coal deposit spread over 27 major coalfields, are mainly confined to eastern and south central parts of the the country. The lignite reserves stand at a level around 36 billion tonnes, of which 90 % occur in the southern State of Tamil Nadu.
As a result of exploration carried out up to the depth of 1200m by the GSI, CMPDI and MECL etc, a cumulative total of 267.21 Billion tonnes of Geological Resources of Coal have so far been estimated in the country as on 1.4.2010. The state-wise distribution of coal resources and its categorisation are as follows:
|State||Geological Resources of Coal|
The Type and Category-wise coal resources of India as on 1.4.2009 are given in table below:
|Type of Coal||Proved||Indicated||Inferred||Total|
|(A) Coking :-|
|(C) Tertiary Coal||477||90||506||1073|
Status of Coal Resources in India during Last Five Years:
As a result of Regional, Promotional and Detailed Exploration by GSI, CMPDI and SCCL etc, the estimation of coal resources of India has reached to 267.21 Bt. The estimates of coal resources in the country during last 5 years are given below:
(in Million Tonnes)
|As on||Geological Resources of Coal|