Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited
- Type – State Owned Enterprise
- Founded – Sep’ 1987
- Head Quarter – Mumbai, India
- Chairman & Managing Director – Dr. S.K.Jain
- Net Income – Rs 416.41 crore (US $ 90.36 million) (2009-10)
To develop Nuclear Power Technology and to produce Nuclear Power as a safe, environmentally benign and economically viable source of electrical energy to meet the increasing electricity needs of the country.
The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) is a government-owned corporation of India based in Mumbai. One of the public sector undertakings, it is wholly owned by the Union Government and is responsible for the generation of nuclear power for electricity. NPCIL is administered by the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), part of the Ministry of Science and Technology. NPCIL is the only power utility company in India which uses nuclear fuel sources.
NPCIL was created in September 1987 as public limited company under the Companies Act 1956, “with the objective of undertaking the design, construction, operation and maintenance of the atomic power stations for generation of electricity in pursuance of the schemes and programmes of the Government of India under the provision of the Atomic Energy Act 1962.” All nuclear power plants operated by the company are certified for ISO-14001 (Environment Management System).
|Nuclear Power Generation (2006-07 to 2010-11)|
|Year||Gross Generation (MUs)||Capacity Factor (%)||Availability Factor (%)|
(Upto May 31, 2010)
NPCIL is the sole body responsible for constructing and operating India’s commercial nuclear power plants. As of 2010 the company had 19 nuclear reactors in operation at six locations, a total installed capacity of 4560 MWe
|TAPS-1 (Tarapur, Maharashtra)||BWR||160||October 28, 1969|
|TAPS-2 (Tarapur, Maharashtra)||BWR||160||October 28, 1969|
|RAPS-1 (Rawatbhata, Rajasthan)||PHWR||100||December 16, 1973|
|RAPS-2 (Rawatbhata, Rajasthan)||PHWR||200||April 1, 1981|
|MAPS-1 (Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu)||PHWR||220||January 27, 1984|
|MAPS-2 (Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu)||PHWR||220||March 21, 1986|
|NAPS-1 (Narora, Uttar Pradesh)||PHWR||220||January 1, 1991|
|NAPS-2 (Narora, Uttar Pradesh)||PHWR||220||July 1, 1992|
|KAPS-1 (Kakrapar, Gujarat)||PHWR||220||May 6, 1993|
|KAPS-2 (Kakrapar, Gujarat)||PHWR||220||September 1, 1995|
|KGS-2 (Kaiga, Karnataka)||PHWR||220||May 6, 2000|
|RAPS-3 (Rawatbhata, Rajasthan)||PHWR||220||June 1, 2000|
|KGS-1 (Kaiga, Karnataka)||PHWR||220||November 6, 2000|
|RAPS-4 (Rawatbhata, Rajasthan)||PHWR||220||December 23, 2000|
|TAPS-4 (Tarapur, Maharashtra)||PHWR||540||September 12, 2005|
|TAPS-3 (Tarapur, Maharashtra)||PHWR||540||August 18, 2006|
|KGS-3 (Kaiga, Karnataka)||PHWR||220||May 6, 2007|
|RAPS-5 (Rawatbhata, Rajasthan)||PHWR||220||February 4, 2010|
|RAPS-6 (Rawatbhata, Rajasthan)||PHWR||220||March 31, 2010|
Subsequent to the government’s decision to allow private companies to provide nuclear power, the company has experienced problems with private enterprises “poaching” its employees.
|Unit Under Construction||Type||Capacity
|KNPP-1 (Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu)||PHWR||1000||Dec-2010|
|KNPP-2 (Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu)||PHWR||1000||Jun-2011|
|KGS-4 (Kaiga, Karnataka)||PHWR||220||Aug-2010|
|KAPS-3 (Kakrapar, Gujarat)||PHWR||700||June 2015|
|KAPS-4 (Kakrapar, Gujarat)||PHWR||700||Dec 2015|
|RAPS-7 (Rawatbhata, Rajasthan)||PHWR||700||Jun-2016|
|RAPS-8 (Rawatbhata, Rajasthan)||PHWR||700||Dec-2016|
Q)What is India’s 3-Stage Nuclear Power Programme?
In view of the limited fossil fuel availability with the country, the relevance of Nuclear Power in meeting the short and long term needs of our energy was recognised right at the initial stage. From the very beginning, as a long term strategy, the Nuclear Power Programme formulated by Dr. Homi Bhabha embarked on the three stage nuclear power programme, linking the fuel cycle of Pressurised Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR) and Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) for Judicious utilisation of our limited reserves of Uranium and vast Thorium reserves. The emphasis of the programme was self-reliance and thorium utilisation as a long term objective. The PHWR was chosen due to extensive research and development facilities covering diverse areas for supporting technology absorption.
The 3-stage of our Nuclear Power Programme are :
- Stage-I : envisages, construction of Natural Uranium, Heavy Water Moderated and Cooled Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs). Spent fuel from these reactors is reprocessed to obtain Plutonium.
- Stage-II : evisages, construction of Fast Breeder Reactors (FBRs) fuelled by Plutonium produced in stage-I. These reactors would also breed U-233 from Thorium.
- Stage-III : would comprise power reactors using U-233 / Thorium as fuel.