Karnataka State Electricity Board
For over three decades, the Karnataka Power Corporation has been a prime mover and catalyst behind key power sector reforms in the state – measures that have spiraled steady growth witnessed in both industrial and economic areas.
Right from the year of inception, in 1970, KPCL set its sights on “growth from within” meeting growing industry needs and reaching out to touch the lives of the common man, in more ways than one.
KPCL today has an installed capacity of 5975.91 MW of hydel, thermal, solar and wind energy, with 9500 MW in the pipeline. The 1720 MW Raichur Thermal Power Station located in Raichur dist is accredited with ISO 14001-2004 certification for its environment protection measures. From an industry vantage point, KPCL has raised the bar on the quality of deliverables and is constantly working at lowering the cost per megawatt – a commendable cost-value equation that has become a benchmark on the national grid. KPCL’s stock in trade is industry proven – well-established infrastructure & modern, progressive management concepts and a commitment to excel, helping it meet the challenges of the rising energy demands of Karnataka.
The leverage point of KPCL initiatives are its resource management strengths – right across planning, financing and project engineering. KPCL also has a high rating in terms of project completion and commissioning within the implementation calendar.
KPCL’s record achievements :
- Highest generation of 26635 million units (2006-2007).
- Highest thermal generation of 13263 Million Units (2009-10).
- Highest Plant Load Factor (PLF) of 90.39 % at Raichur Thermal Power Station (2002-2003).
- Highest capacity addition of 730 MW, in 2008-2009.
- Highest Annual Turnover of Rs.3387 Crores (2006-2007). Commissioning of Unit – 7 at RTPS in 25 Months – A National record
|Diesel + Hydro + Wind+Solar||12757||13363||14737||15151||10724|
|Plant Load Factor(%)||67.90||84.45||89.18||71.17|
|Specific Coal Consumption (KG/KWH)||0.646||0.643||0.658||0.660|
|Specific Oil Consumption (ML/KWH)||1.770||0.741||0.445||0.736|
|Performance of Major Hydro Stations (2009 – 2010)|
|Power Stations||%Age Availability||%Age Auxiliary Consumption|
Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited is a registered company under the Companies Act, 1956 was incorporated on 28-7-1999 and is a company wholly owned by the Government of Karnataka with an authorised share capital of Rs. 1000 crores. KPTCL was formed on 1-8-1999 by carving out the Transmission and Distribution functions of the erstwhile Karnataka Electricity Board.
KPTCL is headed by a Chairman and Managing Director at the Corporate office. He is assisted by four functional Directors. The Board of KPTCL consists of a maximum of twelve directors.
Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited is mainly vested with the functions of Transmission and Distribution of power in the entire State of Karnataka. It operates under a license issued by Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission. KPTCL purchases power from Karnataka Power Corporation Limited, which generates and operates major power generating projects in the state consisting of Hydel. Thermal and other sources. KPTCL purchases power from KPC at the rate fixed by the State Govt. from time to time.
KPTCL also purchases power from Central Government owned generating stations like National Thermal Power Corporation, Neyvelli Lignite Corporation and the Atomic Power Stations at Kalpakkam and Kaiga. The approximate share of power from these generating stations is around 16%.
KPTCL serves nearly 146 lakh consumers of different categories spread all over the State covering an area of 1.92 lakh square kilometres. To transmit and distribute power in the State, it operates nearly 684 sub-stations, 28,000 Kms of transmission lines with voltages of 33 KV and above, nearly 1,30,000 Kms of 11 KV lines, 1,50,000 distribution transformers and 3,57,000 Kms of LT lines. One Rural Electric Co-operative Society is functioning in Hukkeri taluk, Belgaum district which purchases bulk power from KPTCL and redistributes it to the consumers within the taluk. To enable easier operation of the system, KPTCL has been divided into five zones, each headed by a Chief Engineer, fifteen Circles, each headed by a Superintending Engineer, fifty seven divisions, each headed by a Executive Engineer and over two hundred and seventy sub-divisions, each headed by a Assistant Executive Engineer. Maintenance of power supply and day to day functioning are being looked after by the above officers.
The annual turnover of the Organisation was nearly Rs. 4000 crores during the year 2000-01.
Government vide order No. 69 BSR 2001 Bangalore, dated 15/02/2002 has unbundled KPTCL and formed four distribution companies.
Consequent to this the function of distribution of power has been totally separated from KPTCL. KPTCL is now vested with the responsibility of transmitting power all over the State and construction and maintenance of Stations and lines of 66KV and above. KPTCL will purchase power from various power producers and sell it to the distribution companies.
The four newly formed independent distribution companies, which were registered on 30/04/2002, are Bangalore Electricity Supply Company, Mangalore Electricity Supply Company, Hubli Electricity Supply Company and Gulbarga Electricity Supply Company. They have started functioning w.e.f.. 01/06/2002. These companies are incharge of distribution of power within their jurisdiction.
Karnataka Electricity Board (KEB) which was earlier involved in Transmission & Distribution of electricity in state of Karnataka was corporatised into Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited (KPTCL).
Later Distribution wing was carved out of this company & five companies were formed to cater distribution of electricity to different regions of Karnataka state.These companies came into existence from 1st June 2002. Initially four entities were formed first namely
- MESCOM – (Manglore Electricity Supply Company)
- BESCOM – (Banglore Electricity Supply Company)
- HESCOM – (Hubli Electricity Supply Company)
- GESCOM – (Gulberga Electricity Supply Company)
- Later CESCOM – (Chamundeshwari Electricity Supply Company); was carved out of MESCOM in 2005 A.D to cater electricity consumers of Mysore region.
Currently KPTCL looks after only Transmission and the Electricity Supply Companies (ESCOM’s) look after distribution.The distribution to last mile or end users is done by this ESCOM’s in the state of Karnataka.The electricity generated by Karnataka Power Corporation Limited and other producers is distributed by these ESCOM’s
Electricity is the single most important input in the developmental process and the progress of any country or State is heavily dependent on the availability of reliable and cost effective power supply. With more and more investments pouring into the State, the restructuring of the power sector has become the need of the hour. Keeping this in mind, the Government of Karnataka has enacted the Karnataka Electricity Reform Act 1999 and has set up the Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission (KERC).
- To regulate all aspects of the electricity sector in an objective, professional and transparent manner.
- To safeguard consumers’ interests.
- To ensure reliable, least – cost power supply as a basic input for the economic and social development of the state