“Punjab Model” to reduce tranasmission and commercial losses

“Punjab Model” to reduce transmission and commercial losses
Haryana Power Distribution Corporations (Discoms) have decided to adopt at least one 11kV feeder in each operation circle for implementing “Punjab model” of bringing down aggregate transmission & commercial losses as a pilot project in the state.
In Punjab overall transmission and commercial losses which were hovering around 25% five years ago, now have been brought down to less than 18 %. The system reliability index has been improved to 99.75%. The damage rate of distribution transformers ,which was between 10 to 15% , has also been reduced significantly.
Power engineer of Punjab took the initiative in 2007-08 to reduce losses in selected 11KV feeders by introduction of low cost strategies with payback period of 1 to 2 years through departmental efforts.
A pilot project was carried out on different category of 4 nos. high loss feeders of west division Patiala .Complete and independent feeders were selected for accurate ; authentic energy audit. The pilot project included two rural feeders, one urban kundi area feeder and one posh area feeder of Patiala.
In urban areas the consumer meters were shifted outside their premises and fixed on the poles. In rural areas meters of the consumers inside the Phirni of the village were installed in pillar boxes and meters outside to Phirni were installed on poles. Bare LT main/sub main was almost eliminated. Low tension distribution system was re-laid.
In a pillar box about 15 to 16 meters were installed. Bakelite fire proof separators were provided between the meters to avoid fire accident. The proper earthling of pillar box up to water level was done. The transformer damages which were in range of 10 to 15% have been practically reduced to nil after load balancing. Individual PVC connection was given to consumers from the pillar box. The length of connection varied from 10 to 50 meters.
On completion of pilot project distribution efficiency in many areas like reliability index and improved voltage. The pilot project has incurred an expenditure of 34 crore and 233 lakh units of energy has been saved.
On successful completion of pilot project , power utility management adopted it for implementation in throughout Punjab with funding by Rural Electrification Corporation in non-RAPDRP areas. This has been possible only with the full administrative support of power utility and Punjab Government. About 20 lac consumer meters have been shifted in pillar boxes from 2009 till date on turnkey basis. Further 14 lac consumers meters shall be shifted out in next six months .
22 lac consumers meters are to be shifted out in city areas under part-B of RAPDRP against which 4.5 lac meters have already been shifted out.
The financial implication of project is very low .It is Rs. 3500/ per consumer in rural area where meters have been shifted on pillar boxes located on phirni of village. In urban areas where meters have been shifted on poles outside houses the cost is less than Rs.1000/ per consumer. The best thing about this model is that investment made on improving the system can be recovered with in a period of one and a half year of implementation.
The upgraded system helped in minimizing interruptions in power supply, timely restoration of supply improved voltage at tail- end, eliminate the problem of overloading of the system, possibility of accidents and reduced damage rate of transformers.

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