NITI Aayog launched second version of energy tool IESS 2047

NITI Aayog in another step towards integrating Digital India with energy demand forecasting launched 2nd version of India Energy Security Scenario Tool.

Indian is among the few 20 countries having such kind of open source calculator. Click to visit IESS 2047

The IESS, 2047 has been developed expressly as an energy scenario building tool. The guiding ambition of this is to develop energy pathways leading up to the year 2047, comprising of likely energy demand and supply scenarios. The tool has been so developed, that it can create hundreds of scenarios with different combinations of levels/efficiencies of energy demand and supply sectors. Since the Excel model in the IESS, 2047 has the capability to aggregate both the energy demand and supply choices of the user, it is a handy tool to suggest measures to shift the energy pattern in such a way, that the country’s energy security considerations are advanced.

The IESS, 2047 is also capable of generating information as to what percentage of the total energy supply (as per the pathway chosen by the user), will be met by imports. Hence, while the tool segregates the demand for energy by sectors, and the supply numbers by sources, it also generates energy import numbers by source, and aggregates the same to offer total energy imports under different scenarios. As the scenarios generated for different sectors are linear (either rising or falling, as the case may be), the graphic representation of the data sets is simple and easily understandable even by non-energy experts.

A detailed examination of the tool will reveal how changes in choices of energy demand and supply, yielding different levels of energy import can help a planner to decide the sector(s) in which interventions can be more effective to meet the desired policy objectives. Since the tool also offers fuel-wise data, it is also possible to see as to which demand sectors are to be influenced through suitable policy measures, to curb consumption of such fuels in which India is more import dependent. Hence, it is a handy tool to use, for those interested in understanding the energy security dimensions of the country.

A new feature being added in Version 2.0 is cost information. The cost of different technologies on the Demand side, which have been incorporated in higher Levels (Level 2-4) could bring the energy demand down, but will have a cost implication. The present Version has provided costs in the excel sheet, which generate the cost of migrating to higher (efficient) Levels. In turn, the energy demanded by consuming sectors, as the case maybe of electricity from different sources, or oil or gas etc. will also have a cost, which has been indicated in the excel on Supply side. When a user adopts a pathway (Levels of energy demand for all the demands sectors), the excel generates the additional/reduced costs due to the technology/energy demand in combination with the cost of energy that is chosen from the supply side. However, it may be noted that IESS is not a Cost Calculator, but an energy one. It merely captures the difference in cost of the chosen pathway vis-à-vis the default pathway (All Level 2s). The costs are the ones incurred in using the chosen technology on an annualized basis, totaled up to 2047. However, this should not be assumed as a representation of ‘all’ the costs as it does not take into account infrastructure costs (Metro rail network, bus stands, telecom towers etc). It includes the rail engine/coaches, cars, buses and the solar equipment installed in telecom towers to produce power, wherever relevant. The detailed discussion on Costs clarifies further.

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