India Generates electricity which affects its own people
India is 3rd largest economy in the world with more than a billion people; the supply of power in the country has kept up with demand on a large scale. Inspite that across the country, households and industry suffer from regular power cuts, while more than 400 million lack access to even this unreliable supply. Given the energy scenario, the need to expand power generation capacity and deliver more electricity for India is immediate. To meet the growing electricity demand, the expansion of the coal-fired thermal power plants (TPPs) is the most likely scenario, which consequently also leads to an array of environmental and health impacts.
Throughout the world, thermal power plants, in addition to emitting greenhouse gases, are a major source of local pollution and health damages. This is especially true of coal-fired power plants, which generate 41 percent of the world’s electricity (IEA 2008). In India energy produced from coal use has been much of utilization causing inevitable hazards, environmental regulations limit particulate emissions, and states have begun to establish markets to control directly emitted particulate matter.