Monthly Archives: September 2010
The Kerala State Electricity Board, constituted by the Government of Kerala, by order dated 7.3.1957, under the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 is in the business of Generation, Transmission and Distribution of electricity and striving to provide quality electricity at affordable cost to all classes of consumers in the state of Kerala. As per section 172 (a) of the Electricity Act 2003 and as mutually decided by the Government of India and Government of Kerala, KSEB has continued as Transmission utility and Distribution licensee till 24-09-2008. In exercise of powers conferred under sub-sections (1), (2), (5), (6) and (7) of section 131 of the Electricity Act, 2003, State Government vide the notification G.O (Ms).37/2008/PD dated 25th September, 2008 has vested all functions, properties, interests, rights, obligations and liabilities of KSEB with the State Government till it is re-vested the same in a corporate entity. Accordingly, KSEB has been continuing all the functions as a Generator, State Transmission Utility and a Distribution Licensee in the State.
Over the last fifty years, the Board has grown from a total installed capacity of 109 MW to an installed capacity of 2445 MW and created Transmission and Distribution networks of over 10404 and 272480 circuit kilometers respectively. At present, the Board caters to the needs of 93 lakh consumers spread over the urban and rural areas of the State. This incremental growth in the power system brought several changes in the characteristics of the system. The input cost structure and revenue composition have undergone significant changes. Until the recent past, the hydroelectric plants owned by the Board supplied a major portion of the energy requirement of the state. However, after the promulgation of the Forest Conservation Act in 1980, the implementation of new hydroelectric projects had been seriously affected and more costly thermal energy had to be generated / purchased to meet the increasing demand.
Over the years, the consumption of heavily subsidised domestic sector has been increasing and now, it accounts for approximately 46% of the total energy consumed. As a consequence, the peak demand in the state has increased to almost twice the off-peak demand. This forced more investment in the power system to meet the peak demand and purchase of thermal energy from outside the State. But the capacity so created for meeting the peak demand remains under-utilised during the off-peak periods. The Board had been supplying electricity at lowest price in the country for several decades. Because of this the Board had to resort to heavy borrowings to meet the expenses. Though the Board was statutorily enjoined to function as a commercial institution, it continued to function mainly with service orientation providing infrastructure facility, reliefs and concessions to other sectors like industry, agriculture and so on. Now, the State Commission insist upon to perform strictly on commercial considerations.
The history of Hydropower development in Kerala begins with the commissioning of Pallivasal Hydro Electric Project in 1940. Next few decades saw the progressive developments of various schemes. 300 MW Sabarigiri Hydro Electric Project in 1965 and 780 MW Idukki Hydro Electric Project in 1976 are milestones in the endeavour of power development of Kerala State Electricity Board.
At present, KSEB has a total installed capacity of 2229.6 MW(as on 23.5.2010) including the two Diesel power plants at Brahmapuram and Kozhikode. The other major power plants that are catering to the energy demands of the state are the Kayamkulam thermal power plant of NTPC with an installed capacity of 359.6 MW, BSES Kerala Power Ltd., Kochi with an installed capacity of 157 MW and the 21.436 MW plant of KPCL, Kasaragod. Kerala has approximately 1030 MW of power allocation from Central Government owned Power Projects.
Installed capacity as on 01.06.2010 from all sources
|Source||Installed Capacity (MW)|
|Hydro Electric Power Plants||1993|
|Thermal Power Plants||234.6|
|NTPC/IPP/ CPP in State|
|Small Hydro Electric Power Plants||40|
|Thermal Power Plants||187.4|
|Total MW in Kerala||2845|
Power Projects in Kerala
|Name of Station||Installed Capacity (MW)||Firm annual Generation Capability|
|Hydro Electric Projects (KSEB)|
|Idukki||6 x 130 MW||780||2398|
|Sabarigiri||5 x 55MW + 60 MW||335||1338|
|Idamalayar||2 x 37.5 MW||75||380|
|Sholayar||3 x 18 MW||54||233|
|Pallivasal||3 x 4.5 MW + 3 x 8 MW||37.5||284|
|Kuttiyadi||3 x 25 MW + 3 x 50 MW||225||583|
|Panniar||2 x 15 MW||30||158|
|Neriamangalam||3 x 17.55 MW + 25 MW||77.65||295|
|Lower Periyar||3 x 60 MW||180||493|
|Poringalkuthu & PLBE||4 x 8 MW +16 MW||48||244|
|Sengulam||4 x 12 MW||48||182|
|Kakkad||2 x 25 MW||50||262|
|Sub Total (HEP)||49 Nos||1940.2||6850|
|Small Hydro Electric Projects|
|Kallada||2 x 7.5 MW||15||65.00|
|Peppara||1 x 3 MW||3||11.50|
|Malankara||3 x 3.5 MW||10.5||44.00|
|Madupatty||1 x 2 MW||2||6.40|
|Malampuzha||1 x 2.5 MW||2.5||5.60|
|Lower Meenmutty||1 x 0.5 MW +2 x 1.5 MW||3.5||7.63|
|Chembukadavu – 1||3 x 0.9 MW||2.7||6.59|
|Chembukadavu – 2||3 x 1.25 MW||3.75||9.03|
|Urumi -1||3 x 1.25 MW||3.75||9.72|
|Urumi -2||3 x 0.8 MW||2.4||6.28|
|Kuttiyadi Tail Race||3 x 1.25 MW||3.75||15.00|
|Sub Total (SHEP)||26 Nos||52.85||186.75|
|Total (Hydel units)||75 Nos||1993||7036.8|
|Brahmapuram Diesel Power Plant (BDPP)||5 x 21.32 MW||106.6||606|
|Kozhikode Diesel Power Plant (KDPP)||8 x 16 MW||128||896|
|Sub Total (Thermal)||13 nos.||234.6||1502.0|
|26||Kanjikode Wind Farm||9 x 0.225||2||4|
|TOTAL MW (KSEB)||97 Nos||2229.6||8543|
|Other Power Projects in Kerala|
|1||Maniyar [SHEP – Captive Power Plant (CPP)]||3 x 4 MW||12||36|
|2||Kuthungal (SHEP – CPP)||3 x 7 MW||21||79|
|3||Ullunkal [SHEP – IPP (Independent Power Plant)]||2 x 3.5 MW||7||32|
|4||MP Steel Co-Gen (IPP)||4 MW + 3 x 2 MW||10||67.67|
|5||Wind – Agali (IPP)||23 x 0.6 MW||13.8||26.6|
|6||Wind – Ramakkalmedu (IPP)||19 x 0.75 MW||14.25||27.46|
|7||KPCL (Naptha – IPP)||3 x 7.3 MW||20.4||140|
|8||BSES Kerala Power Ltd. (Naptha – IPP)||3 x 40.5 MW + 35.5 MW||157||1099|
|9||RGCCPS-NTPC, Kayamkulam (Naptha)||2 x 116.6 MW +
|Sub Total (IPP/CPP)||615||3666|
|GRAND TOTAL (Kerala)||2845|
Present Maximum Demand of Kerala System is 2998 MW and the daily consumption has reached 56.26 million Units. Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB) has been taking effective steps to increase the installed capacity of the power system to meet the growth in consumption.
Transmission system is an essential link between power stations and load centres for bulk transfer of power and it has a vital role in the management of power. KSEB has pioneered the modern concept of developing a large transmission network for transferring power from power stations to the local load centres.
The Kerala power system grid is connected to the Southern Region Transmission system through two 400kV double circuit lines. They are (1) Udumalpet- Madakkathara line and (2) Thiruneveli- Pallippuram( Trivandrum) line. There are 6 major inter-state transmission lines. at 220KV level and 110KV level. The 220 KV lines are (1) Kaniyampetta- Kadakola(single circuit). (2) Idukki – Udumalpet(single circuit). (3) Sabarigiri – Theni (single circuit). (4) Edamon – Thirunelveli(double circuit). The 110 KV lines are (1).Parassala – Kuzhithura and (2) Manjeswaram – Konake.The major substations include one 400 KV sub-station, and seventeen 220 KV substations. The main grid comprises of the 220 KV systems.
The transmission sector of KSEB comprises of two zones namely North and South, and a System Operation wingeach headed by a Chief Engineer. The North zone is headed by the Chief Engineer (Transmission – North) with its head quarters at Kozhikode, and the South zone headed by the Chief Engineer (Transmission-South) with its head quarters at Thiruvananthapuram.
The System Operations wing with headquarters at Kalamassery is responsible for the real time management of Kerala Power System and also the activities connected with communication and protection fields. The State Load Dispatch Centre (SLDC) does meticulous planning and prudent operations to attain excellent results. It includes real time load restrictions as and when necessary, generation scheduling, maintenance scheduling, scheduling the import of power from IPPs and CGS on long term as well as on daily basis, economic load dispatching, merit order dispatching, unit commitment policy, fixing up of merit order for under frequency tripping and remote switching from the sub LD Stations.
An overview of the transmission system as on 31.3.10 is given below:
|Sl. No.||Capacity||No. Substations||Line length in Circuit Kms||Reliability Index|
KSE Board distributes electricity in the State of Kerala except in the Thrissur Municipal Corporation and Munnar (Kannan Devan Hills). For operational conveniences the distribution wing is divided into three zones namely South, Central and North.
The South zone is headed by Chief Engineer (Distribution South) with headquarters at Thiruvananthapuram and has 6 Electrical Circles, 19 Divisions (including TMR Divisions at Thirumala & Pallom), 58 Subdivisions, 166 Electrical Sections and a Regional Stores Division at Kundara.
The Central zone has 7 Electrical Circles, 25 Divisions (including TMR Division at Angamaly), 75 Subdivisions, 219 Electrical Sections and a Regional Stores Division at Aluva. The Central Zone is headed by Chief Engineer (Distribution Central) and has its headquarters at Ernakulam.
The North zone is headed by Chief Engineer (Distribution North) with headquarters at Kozhikode and has 10 Electrical Circles, 25 Divisions (including TMR Divisions at Shornur), 78 Subdivisions, 256 Electrical Sections and a Regional Stores Division at Kallai.
|System Statistics (Abstract) as on March-2010|
|Sl.No.||Name of Work||unit||TOTAL|
|d) LT Industrial||No.||118239|
|2||a) 33 KV Line||Km.||893|
|b) 22 KV Line||Km.||32|
|c) 11 KV Line||Km.||45541|
|3||a) LT 3 – Ph. Line||Km.||102894|
|b) LT Single Ph. Line||Km.||157777|
|Total L.T Line||Km.||260670|
|The Kerala State Electricity Regulatory Commission was constituted under the provisions of Subsection (1) of Section 17 of the Electricity Regulatory Commissions Act, 1998. With effect from 10th June, 2003, the Commission has come under the purview of the Electricity Act, 2003, as the Electricity Regulatory Commissions Act, 1998 has since been repealed.|
|The Commission consists of the following:|
|Chairman : Shri K.J Mathew IAS (Rtd. Chief Secretary, Govt. of Kerala)|
|Member : Shri.C.Abdulla|
|Member : Shri.M.P.Aiyappan|
|Secretary : Shri. K.S. Premachandra Kurup IAS (Rtd)|
The Headquarters of the Commission is at Thiruvananthapuram.
|Functions of the Kerala State Electricity Regulatory Commission|
|a. determine the tariff for generation, supply, transmission and wheeling of electricity, wholesale, bulk or retail, as the case may be, within the State|
|b. regulate electricity purchase and procurement process of distribution licensees including the price at which electricity shall be procured from the generating companies or licensees or from other sources through agreements for purchase of power for distribution and supply within the State|
|c. facilitate intra-State transmission and wheeling of electricity|
|d. issue licenses to persons seeking to act as transmission licensees, distribution licensees and electricity traders with respect to their operations within the State|
|e. promote cogeneration and generation of electricity from renewable sources of energy by providing suitable measures for connectivity with the grid and sale of electricity to any person, and also specify, for purchase of electricity from such sources, a percentage of the total consumption of electricity in the area of a distribution licensee|
|f. adjudicate upon the disputes between the licensees and generating companies and to refer any dispute for arbitration|
|g. levy free for the purposes of the Electricity Act, 2003|
|h. specify State Grid Code|
|i. specify or enforce standards with respect to quality, continuity and reliability of service by licensees|
|j. fix the trading margin in the intra-State trading of electricity, if considered, necessary|
|k. discharge such other functions as may be assigned to it under the Electricity Act, 2003|
|l. advise the State Government on all or any of the following matters, namely:|
|i. promotion of competition, efficiency and economy in activities of the electricity industry|
|ii. promotion of investment in electricity industry|
|iii. reorganization and restructuring of electricity industry in the State|
|iv. matters concerning generation, transmission, distribution and trading of electricity or any other matter referred to the State Commission by that Government|
For over three decades, the Karnataka Power Corporation has been a prime mover and catalyst behind key power sector reforms in the state – measures that have spiraled steady growth witnessed in both industrial and economic areas.
Right from the year of inception, in 1970, KPCL set its sights on “growth from within” meeting growing industry needs and reaching out to touch the lives of the common man, in more ways than one.
KPCL today has an installed capacity of 5975.91 MW of hydel, thermal, solar and wind energy, with 9500 MW in the pipeline. The 1720 MW Raichur Thermal Power Station located in Raichur dist is accredited with ISO 14001-2004 certification for its environment protection measures. From an industry vantage point, KPCL has raised the bar on the quality of deliverables and is constantly working at lowering the cost per megawatt – a commendable cost-value equation that has become a benchmark on the national grid. KPCL’s stock in trade is industry proven – well-established infrastructure & modern, progressive management concepts and a commitment to excel, helping it meet the challenges of the rising energy demands of Karnataka.
The leverage point of KPCL initiatives are its resource management strengths – right across planning, financing and project engineering. KPCL also has a high rating in terms of project completion and commissioning within the implementation calendar.
KPCL’s record achievements :
- Highest generation of 26635 million units (2006-2007).
- Highest thermal generation of 13263 Million Units (2009-10).
- Highest Plant Load Factor (PLF) of 90.39 % at Raichur Thermal Power Station (2002-2003).
- Highest capacity addition of 730 MW, in 2008-2009.
- Highest Annual Turnover of Rs.3387 Crores (2006-2007). Commissioning of Unit – 7 at RTPS in 25 Months – A National record
|Diesel + Hydro + Wind+Solar||12757||13363||14737||15151||10724|
|Plant Load Factor(%)||67.90||84.45||89.18||71.17|
|Specific Coal Consumption (KG/KWH)||0.646||0.643||0.658||0.660|
|Specific Oil Consumption (ML/KWH)||1.770||0.741||0.445||0.736|
|Performance of Major Hydro Stations (2009 – 2010)|
|Power Stations||%Age Availability||%Age Auxiliary Consumption|
Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited is a registered company under the Companies Act, 1956 was incorporated on 28-7-1999 and is a company wholly owned by the Government of Karnataka with an authorised share capital of Rs. 1000 crores. KPTCL was formed on 1-8-1999 by carving out the Transmission and Distribution functions of the erstwhile Karnataka Electricity Board.
KPTCL is headed by a Chairman and Managing Director at the Corporate office. He is assisted by four functional Directors. The Board of KPTCL consists of a maximum of twelve directors.
Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited is mainly vested with the functions of Transmission and Distribution of power in the entire State of Karnataka. It operates under a license issued by Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission. KPTCL purchases power from Karnataka Power Corporation Limited, which generates and operates major power generating projects in the state consisting of Hydel. Thermal and other sources. KPTCL purchases power from KPC at the rate fixed by the State Govt. from time to time.
KPTCL also purchases power from Central Government owned generating stations like National Thermal Power Corporation, Neyvelli Lignite Corporation and the Atomic Power Stations at Kalpakkam and Kaiga. The approximate share of power from these generating stations is around 16%.
KPTCL serves nearly 146 lakh consumers of different categories spread all over the State covering an area of 1.92 lakh square kilometres. To transmit and distribute power in the State, it operates nearly 684 sub-stations, 28,000 Kms of transmission lines with voltages of 33 KV and above, nearly 1,30,000 Kms of 11 KV lines, 1,50,000 distribution transformers and 3,57,000 Kms of LT lines. One Rural Electric Co-operative Society is functioning in Hukkeri taluk, Belgaum district which purchases bulk power from KPTCL and redistributes it to the consumers within the taluk. To enable easier operation of the system, KPTCL has been divided into five zones, each headed by a Chief Engineer, fifteen Circles, each headed by a Superintending Engineer, fifty seven divisions, each headed by a Executive Engineer and over two hundred and seventy sub-divisions, each headed by a Assistant Executive Engineer. Maintenance of power supply and day to day functioning are being looked after by the above officers.
The annual turnover of the Organisation was nearly Rs. 4000 crores during the year 2000-01.
Government vide order No. 69 BSR 2001 Bangalore, dated 15/02/2002 has unbundled KPTCL and formed four distribution companies.
Consequent to this the function of distribution of power has been totally separated from KPTCL. KPTCL is now vested with the responsibility of transmitting power all over the State and construction and maintenance of Stations and lines of 66KV and above. KPTCL will purchase power from various power producers and sell it to the distribution companies.
The four newly formed independent distribution companies, which were registered on 30/04/2002, are Bangalore Electricity Supply Company, Mangalore Electricity Supply Company, Hubli Electricity Supply Company and Gulbarga Electricity Supply Company. They have started functioning w.e.f.. 01/06/2002. These companies are incharge of distribution of power within their jurisdiction.
Karnataka Electricity Board (KEB) which was earlier involved in Transmission & Distribution of electricity in state of Karnataka was corporatised into Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited (KPTCL).
Later Distribution wing was carved out of this company & five companies were formed to cater distribution of electricity to different regions of Karnataka state.These companies came into existence from 1st June 2002. Initially four entities were formed first namely
- MESCOM – (Manglore Electricity Supply Company)
- BESCOM – (Banglore Electricity Supply Company)
- HESCOM – (Hubli Electricity Supply Company)
- GESCOM – (Gulberga Electricity Supply Company)
- Later CESCOM – (Chamundeshwari Electricity Supply Company); was carved out of MESCOM in 2005 A.D to cater electricity consumers of Mysore region.
Currently KPTCL looks after only Transmission and the Electricity Supply Companies (ESCOM’s) look after distribution.The distribution to last mile or end users is done by this ESCOM’s in the state of Karnataka.The electricity generated by Karnataka Power Corporation Limited and other producers is distributed by these ESCOM’s
Electricity is the single most important input in the developmental process and the progress of any country or State is heavily dependent on the availability of reliable and cost effective power supply. With more and more investments pouring into the State, the restructuring of the power sector has become the need of the hour. Keeping this in mind, the Government of Karnataka has enacted the Karnataka Electricity Reform Act 1999 and has set up the Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission (KERC).
- To regulate all aspects of the electricity sector in an objective, professional and transparent manner.
- To safeguard consumers’ interests.
- To ensure reliable, least – cost power supply as a basic input for the economic and social development of the state
Stock market analyst Ashwani Gujral has maintained ‘buy’ rating on NTPC Limited stock with a target of Rs 235.
According to analyst, the interested investors can buy the stock with stop loss of Rs 203.
As per Mr. Gujral, the said target will be achieved in a period of 2-3 weeks.
The stock of the company, on Sep 27, closed at Rs 214.50 on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).
The share price has seen a 52-week high of Rs 241.70 and a low of Rs 193 on BSE.
Current EPS & P/E ratio stood at 10.16 and 21.48 respectively.
NTPC is making plans to add up capacity at 13% compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) with the aim to produce 75,000 mega watt (MW) by March 2017 and lessen its carbon footprint by raising the contribution of renewable as well as nuclear power in its energy mix and meliorating energy competence of coal-fired facilities.
NTPC said that the projects worth 17,340 mega watts are under execution.
It also started tendering for implementation of another 7,092 mw capacitance.
Projects worth 27,000 mega watts are in opening stages.
While addressing the company’s 34th AGM, NTPC chairman Arup Roy Choudhury stated, “With an installed capacity of 32,194 mw, the company is well on course to become a 75,000-mw company by the end of the 12th Plan. NTPC is on a high growth curve to remain the sector-leader and is aiming at capacity addition at 13% CAGR, with a big pipeline of projects.”
Jharkhand State Electricity Board On 15.11.2000 the Land of lord Birsa emerged as a new state as State of Jharkhand, which filed up the inhabitants of the state with great Joy.
Since independence, the people of Jharkhand who are residing in remote places had not seen the light of civilisation which actually come through the new Carrier “Electricity”. Immediately after the new state was constituted on 10.01.2001 the state of Jharkhand announced constitution, of Jharkhand State Electricity Board to take up all activities for electrification of the whole state. On 16.03.2001 the Government of Jharkhand appointed the Chairman and member of Jharkhand State Electricity Board and the first Board took up its work with great enthusiasm.
On 22.03.2001 the Ministry of Power, Government of India permitted the new Board to be functional w.e.f. 01.04.2001. Since this new Board was carved out from existing Bihar State Electricity Board on the Ministry of Power Government of India allowed its officers and employees who were working in the territorial jurisdiction of Jharkhand to be the employees and officers of Jharkhand State Electricity Board as is where is basis. Since that day all officers and employees are giving themselves for every cause of the new state which is required for development of the state in the area of Electricity.
The new Board inherited the age old thermal generation Power Station at Patratu which had already outlived its life and another generating station at Sikidiri known as Swarnrekha Hydel Project. So far Distribution infrastructure is concerned, though there were distribution infrastructure in few industrial areas, but those were not capable to bear the ever growing demand of electricity. Mentionable that after creation of new state, demand of electricity in every town and specially in capital city Ranchi increased many folds, and to meet the supply the new Board took it positively as a challenged; which can be gathered from the fact that the demand in the Ranchi town in the year 2000 was 80 MW which has now grown up to 200 MW in the year 2008 and so is the status of demand in the whole state which is 800 MW today as compared to 200 MW in the year 2000.
It has become possible only due to the fact that Jharkhand State Electricity Board has gone madly for system improvement and capacity addition by commissioning new Power substations, Grid stations and commissioning of transmission line and distribution network. So far improvement in generation is concerned, the Jharkhand State Electricity Board has not compromised with destiny as it would be evident from the fact that against too many odds and two major accident of fire in power plant at Patratu, it has not seized to attempt for revival of old power station. As on today it has been made capable to generate 200 MW.
As has been mentioned above, the Jharkhand State Electricity Board is in possession of two units of 65 MW each in Swaranrekha Hydel Project, Sikidri which is capable to generate as per its installed capacity. Though this Hydel Project was designed at the relevant time to meet the demand in peak load hours, it is meeting the demand of electricity at every time depending upon the availability of water. The Government has dreamed a situation where no helmet or home will be without the glowing light of electricity under RGGVY.
JSEB has taken this work as a mission. Though many villages of the state has been electrified but the goal is half achieved and the Board is striving hard to see the dream of the Government as well as of the inhabitants of Jharkhand fulfilled in near future that is to say within the time stipulated by 2010. It is always said that Jharkhand is a rich state enriched with mines but the inhabitants are poor.
JSEB in its share has decided to provide free electricity to the people who are exercising below poverty line and the drive is on move. The management of the Board as well as Government of Jharkhand has always dreamed Jharkhand as a power hub, which could not keep pace with progressing state at the relevant time due to many reasons beyond control. The Government as well as Board management in the direction of making the state a power hub has achieved a mile when Government of India allotted two prestigious Coal block especially for the Board ‘Banhardi’ and ‘Urma Pahari’ situated in the dist. of Latehar and Dumka respectively, where JSEB has already initiated required steps to begin with the work. Certainly the availability of coal will widen the road of thermal generation. The days are not so far when the state of Jharkhand will be luminous with plenty of electric power and humming sound of running industries everywhere in the state.
- Patratu Thermal Power Station (840/770 MW)
Present Status- 150 MW generation. Unit no 6 is being lighted on 3rd June.With this generation will be 200 MW. Record Generation of 98MU achieved in May 08 which is highest since May 2003 will increase to 250 MW by July RECORD GENERATION SINCE INCEPTION FROM SIKIDIRI HYDEL POWER STATION.
NEW PROJECTS 6 X 600 MW OF UNITS AT THREE LOCATIONS VIZ
- PATRATU- FROM BANHARDIH COAL BLOCK
- GODDA- FROM URMA-PAHARITOLA COAL BLOCK
- CHATRA- FROM MAURYA COAL BLOCK
- REVIVAL OF 3X27.5 MW GAS TURBINES AT MAITHON, DVC.
- SPEEDY REVIVAL OF CHANDIL HYDEL POWER STATION AND OTHER HYDRO PROJECTS.
Russian Units- Six Russian units commissioned 1966-1972 (36 to 42 years old) and have run 1.52 to 2.03 lach hours spares obsolete BHEL Units- Four BHEL units of 110 MW (24 to 31 years old) have run 65,000 to 95,000 hrs Three units (unit no. 1,2 & 7) generate 150 MW. Fourth unit (Unit no.6) synchronized on 06.04.08 and loaded up to 40 MW but due to high vibration in bearings and generator stator problem the defect has been attended. Boiler will be lit up on 03.06.08 for synchronization of the unit. Unit expected to generate 40 MW power since 5th June ’08. Restoration of unit no. 4 (40 MW) is under progress and expected to generate 40 MW power by end of June ’08. Overhauling of Boiler 6(ii) is under progress and to be completed by July ’08 and will add additional generation of 30/40 MW. Restoration of unit no. 9 & 10 are under progress by BHEL and 220 MW additional generation expected by March 2009. NIT for restoration of unit no. 3 (40 MW) and unit no. 5(90 MW) have been invited. SRHP, Sikidiri (130 MW) Both units of 65 MW are available for generation but due to low water level in gatal sut dam, units are run intermittently for ½ to 1 hour from leakage water.
- SUBARNAREKHA HYDEL PROJECT
The Eastern Region at present has predominantly thermal grid with comparatively small hydel installation. With an ambitious programme of thermal power development in this region during the Fourth & Fifth five Year Plans, it was considered very necessary to back up these installations with a suitable hydel base for taking daily peak loads so as to allow the thermal units to run at highest possible load-factor at which they are most economical. The Subernrekha Project was originally planned to most this necessity only i.e. to supply peaking power in predominantly thermal grid. Later, with the establishment of Heavy Engineering Corporation, National Coal Development Corporation, Hindustan Steels etc. round about Ranchi, the scarcity of water began to be felt. With the population growing by leaps and bounds, and with an eye on the inevitable growth of small and medium industries in an around Ranchi, it was felt that the existing water supply sources, including Hatia Dam will be quite inadequate to most the fast growing demand of water. In the absence of any other dependable source nearby, it was decided to meet this demand of water estimated at 75 cusecs from the Subernrekha Dam.
The Project envisaged the construction of a 116 ft. high earthen dam on River Subernrekha at Getaldud. Out of 350 cusecs of firm water draft available from the reservoir, 75 cusecs have been earmarked for water supply to Ranchi town and the industrial network in and around Ranchi; the rest i.e. 275 cusecs will be utilized in generating hydel power in a series of two power houses, each utilizing a head of about 450 ft. and having and installed capacity of about 65 each (i.e. a total of 130 MW). The power stations are designed at a load factor of 14%. The regulated discharge of 275 cusecs, which will be released back into River Subernrekha, will again be utilized lower down for supplying water to the industrial complex at Jamshedpur, Adityapur etc. Power House No.-I is scheduled to be commissioned in June 1975 & Power House No. II by March 1976. The scope of the Project in a nutshell in therefore.
- To supply 75 cusecs of water to Ranchi town and Ranchi Industrial network.
- To utilize 275 cusecs in generating about 144 million kwh of energy per year in two power houses, each having an installed capacity of 65 MW at 14% L.F. and operating under a ” head ” of about 450 ft.
- To provide benefits to the industrial complex at Jamshedpur with regulated water discharge from the tail-race of the power house.
Jharkhand State Electricity Regulatory Commission was established in the state of Jharkhand under provisions of Electricity Regulatory Commission Act 1998(now Electricity Act, 2003) for regulating this sector.
Office of JSERC is in Ranchi, capital of the State of Jharkhand.
Shri Mukhtiar Singh, IAS (1976) has joined as a Chairperson, with effect from 16th July 2008, retired from the post of Development Commissioner, Government of Jharkhand. Prior to joining here, he was Chairman, Jharkhand State Finance Commission.
Sri T. Muni Krishniah has taken over the charge of Member (Engineering) with effect from 01.07.2010.
Shri A.K. Mehta has taken over the charge of Secretary with effect from 20/05/2004.
Power Development in Jammu and a Kashmir has a long and distinguished history. The 2×4.5 MW Mohra Hydro electric plant was developed as early as in 1905. The estimated hydel potential in J&K is more than 20000 MW, of which projects for 16200 MW have already been identified. In order to harness this potential in a sustained manner, the Government of J&K established the Jammu and Kashmir State Power Development Corporation Limited (JKSPDCL) which has been incorporated as a Private Limited company on 16.02.1995. The Corporation was incorporated to takeover, execute, complete, operate and maintain all power stations and power projects of the State. The assets of all the power projects in the State, both existing and under implementation were transferred to the Corporation. The Corporation presently has 19 hydroelectric projects with installed capacity of 754.70MW located in various districts of Jammu & Kashmir including 450MW BHEP, two units of which have been commissioned. In addition, the Corporation has Gas Turbines based on HSD with installed capacity of 175 MW at Pampore near Srinagar. In accordance with the State Hydel Policy notified by the Power Development Department, Government of Jammu & Kashmir on 09.10.2003, JKSPDC has allotted 10 small HEPs with a total capacity of 107 MWs under IPP phase-I. The corporation is also pursuing the development of the Grid interactive solar PV power in the state in Leh(2.5MW), Kargil(2.5MW),Kathua(5MW) and Kashmir valley (5MW) as well as geothermal project in Pugah valley of Leh, Ladakh.
Baglihar Dam Project
Below is the list of existing projects:
Below is the list of upcoming project:
|Name of Power Project||Capacity in MW|
|Pahalgam (3rd Unit)||1.50|
|Baderwah (3rd Unit)||0.5|
The J&K State Electricity Regulatory Commission is a statutory body setup under an act of the State Legislature to regulate power sector in the State of J&K.In pursuance of section 13 of the Jammu & Kashmir State Electricity Regulatory Commission Act 2000,the Jammu & Kashmir State Electricity Regulatory Commission constitute with effect from 1st June 2006 a State Advisory Committee.
Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board (HPSEB) was Constituted on the 1st day Sept, 1971 in accordance with the Electricity Act 1948, like other electricity board in the country , The HPSEB was responsible for promoting the Coordinated development of power Potential, Generation, Transmission, Distribution of electricity within the State in the most Efficient and Economical manors .In accordance Electricity Act 1948 , the HPSEB is Constituted with Seven Member including Chairman which Constitute the full Board.Out of Seven Member Six are whole time Member including the Chairman.Himachal Pradesh has high altitude ranging from 350 to 6975 meters with climate conditions varying from semi-tropical to semi-arctic.The total population of Himachal Pradesh as per 2001 census was 61,77,248 with population density being 93 persons per sq. Km.
Some of the milestone achieved by HPSEB are:
PROJECTS UNDER OPERATION S.N. Name of Project Name of Basin Installed capacity(MW) A. STATE SECTOR: 1 Andhra Yamuna 16.95 2 Giri Yamuna 60.00 3. Gumma Yamuna 3.00 4. Rukti Satluj 1.50 5. Chaba Satluj 1.75 6. Rongtong Satluj 2.00 7. Nogli Satluj 2.50 8. Bhaba Satluj 120.00 9. Ganvi Satluj 22.50 10. Binwa Beas 6.00 11. Gaj Beas 10.50 12. Baner Beas 12.00 13. Uhl-II (Bassi) Beas 60.00 14. Larji Beas 126.00 15. Khauli Beas 12.00 16. Sal-II Ravi 2.00 17. Holi Ravi 3.00 18 Bhuri Singh P/House Ravi 0.45 19 Killar Ravi 0.30 20 Thirot Ravi 4.50 Total 466.95
H.P Electricity Regulatory Commission (Regulatory Commission)
Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group (ADAG) group firm Reliance Power said it aims to become the country’s largest private sector power generating company by 2015. Reliance Power unveiled its massive expansion plans entailing an investment of a whopping Rs 1,20,000 crore on thermal and hydro projects in the next seven years. The company plans to pump about Rs 80,000 crore in coal-based power projects of 20,000 MW capacity in the next five years. Another Rs 30,000 crore would be invested to execute hydro power projects.
Reliance Power is also planning to set up gas-based projects in full steam and has plans to add 10,000 MW capacity in the future.
With this, the company’s total generation capacity from all sources of energy would touch 35,000 MW by 2017.
“Reliance Power will have operational capacity of 5,000 MW by 2012 and commission another 20,000 MW over the next three years (by 2015),” ADA Group Chairman Anil Ambani said, addressing the company’s Annual General Meeting here.
The cost of generating one megawatt of electricity from coal is about Rs 4 crore and for hydro is about Rs 6 crore, taking the total investment needed to Rs 1,20,000 crore.
The company has already raised funds to the tune of Rs 50,000 crore for financing its expansion plans.
The company operates two units (2×300 MW) of Rosa thermal power project (1,200 MW) at Shajanpur in Uttar Pradesh.
“Post Supreme Court judgement the development of 10,000 MW of gas-based generation has commenced,” Ambani said.
Construction of the 2,400 MW gas-based plant at Samalkot, Andhra Pradesh, has started and the project outlay is to the tune of Rs 10,000 crore.
Reliance Power has over 2 billion tonnes of domestic coal reserves that can support power generation to the tune of 20,000 MW capacity, Ambani said.
Three coal mines acquired by the company in Indonesia would support up to 10,000 MW electricity generation capacity.
In totality, the captive coal reserves in India and Indonesia are sufficient to support 30,000 MW of coal capacity for 25 years.
Reliance Power CEO J P Chalasani said that the company’s ultra mega power projects of 4,000 MW capacity each at Sasan (Madhya Pradesh) and Krishnapatnam (Andhra Pradesh) are on track.
A team led by a North Carolina State University researcher has shown that water-gel-based solar devices ‘artificial leaves’ can act like solar cells to produce electricity. This was done so as to reduce the cost and the use of the toxic materials in the solar cell, which would be more eco – friendly than the other solar cells.This artificial leaf is based on the same principles and phenomenon that the natural Leaf contains. This man made leaf is a water-gel-based having light sensitive molecules. For using this device, the research team at the initial stage used the natural chlorophyll for the experiment. The light-sensitive molecules with electrodes are coated in carbon nanotubes or graphite and gets infused with the water-gel-based device. When this device is exposed to the sun the light-sensitive molecules reacts just like the plants when the chlorophyll converts the solar energy into sugar. The research team hopes to mimic how the nature harnesses solar energy by avoiding the use of synthetic light-sensitive molecules and concentrating instead on naturally derived products – like chlorophyll – which are easily integrated into the water-gel matrix devices. Orlin Velev, Invista Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering also adds that, the research team hopes and imagines a future where home roofs will be covered with soft electric sheet of artificial leaf solar cells.
However, they believe that the concept of biologically inspired soft devices for generating electricity may in the future provide an alternative to the present technologies..The devices are still of relatively low efficiency and there is a long way to go before this can become a practical .With the successful demonstration of this device, they have proven the concept. The challenges researchers face fine-tunes will be ‘the water-based photovoltaic devices, which will make them even more like real leaves’. The other challenge is to ‘change the water-based gel and light-sensitive molecules to improve the efficiency of the solar cells’.
While consumers are happy over relatively lower power tariff hike sanctioned by Maharashtra Electricity Regulatory Commission (MERC), power distributor MSEDCL feels that it would not be able to meet its expenses with the sanctioned amount. It has decided to file an appeal in Appellate Tribunal for Electricity (ATE) against MERC’s tariff order. A senior MSEDCL official said that preparations were on for filing an appeal.
State-run power companies MSEDCL, MSETCL and Mahagenco have challenged MERC’s power tariff orders in the past many times and by and large have got favourable decisions.
Consumers have, however, taken strong exception to this trend as they do not get a chance to present their side in the tribunal.
The MSEDCL had sought a power tariff hike of 14% for 2010-11. However, MERC sanctioned a tariff hike of only 3.03%. The commission has asked MSEDCL to reduce costly power purchase purchase by 1,677 million units (MUs). Mahagenco has been asked to increase generation to acceptable levels to cover up the deficit. As a result, the average power purchase rate has been reduced from .’4.87 per unit proposed by MSEDCL to .’4.38 per unit thereby reducing the proposed tariff hike. MERC has also considered distribution loss for 2010-11 as 17.20% against 19.98% proposed by MSEDCL. This has also reduced the quantum of power purchase allowed to MSEDCL.
The MSEDCL officer said that due to reduction in power purchase quantum the company would have to increase loadshedding. “The commission seems to be oblivious to the fact that age of most Mahagenco units is more than 25 years. It is only because of power shortage that they are still being run.”
Another point of contention is sharp reduction in capital expenses and capitalisation. MSEDCL had proposed capitalisation of .’4,586.19 crore for 2010-11 but MERC has allowed only .’876.51 crore.
The amount was to be spent on infrastructure plans, agriculture feeder separation, fixed capacitor scheme, accelerated power development and reform programme (APDRP), distribution transformer metering, etc. MERC, however, stated in the order that unless the benefits of these investments were not established by MSEDCL it would not allow the entire amount.
Source- Times of india
Suzlon Energy, India’s largest and the world’s third leading wind turbine maker, Friday said it has installed over 5,000 MW of cumulative wind turbines in India, accounting for nearly half of the country’s total wind installations. The cumulative wind generated power has the potential to light up four million homes annually, providing for over 1,500 customers in India across 40 sites in eight states.
‘Suzlon has cumulatively added over 5,000 megawatt of wind power capacity for over 1,500 customers in India across 40 sites in eight states,’ the company said in a regulatory filing.
The company has over 1,000 MW installation base each in the key states of Tamil Nadu, Maharastra and Gujarat.
Leading corporates, including Bajaj Group, Birla Group and the Reliance Group, and the Indian Railways have chosen Suzlon for their wind power projects.
Power from the installed wind turbines have also helped reduced about 8.5 million tonnes of harmful carbon emissions each year, according to Suzlon.
India’s wind sector has seen respectable growth over the past years. The total estimated onshore wind power potential in India is over 48,000 MW, according to the ministry of new and renewable energy.
‘In just over a decade, India’s wind market has grown from just around 50MW per year to nearly 2,000MW per year, and we at Suzlon are proud to have led this,’ said Tulsi R Tanti, chairman and managing director of Suzlon.
Under the Prime Minister’s national action plan for climate change, India has a target to source 15 per cent of power from renewables by 2020.
‘We have already secured one fourth of our target, and wind is the highest contributor at 70 per cent of the country’s total grid connected renewable power capacity,’ he added.