Monthly Archives: March 2011
The energy conservation and Energy Efficiency Improvement in Small and Medium Enterprises would be the top priority for the government in the power sector. Stressing on the government focus in the next few years, Shri SushilkumarShinde, the Minister of Power has stated that the targeted reduction in demand as a result of these interventions during XI plan which was kept at 5%, translates into an avoided capacity addition of 10,000 MW and thereby an avoided investment in generation, transmission and distribution of around Rs. 1,00,000 crores. The achievement against this target from 2007-08 to 2009-10 is 4995 MW avoided capacity. Against a target of 2600 MW of avoided capacity in 2010-11 the achievement upto 31.12.10 is 2482 MW. Against a target of 7327MW of avoided capacity during 2007-08 to 2010-11 the achievement is 7415.98 MW (verified) upto 31.12.2010. The avoided capacity achieved during the last quarter of 2010-11 is 250 MW (provisional). The target of 10000 MW of avoided capacity during the XI Plan is likely to be fully achieved.
The major schemes as regards energy conservation include:-
(a) Bachat Lamp Yojana promotes energy efficient and high quality CFLs as replacement for incandescent bulbs in households by leveraging Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) benefits. So far 2.08 crores CFLs have been distributed at the rate of an incandescent bulb. The scheme has been registered as a Programme of Activities (PoA) with the CDM Executive Board on 29.4.2010 under UNFCCC. This will enable the other states to join the umbrella project (PoA) without registration with CDM Executive Board which is time consuming.
(b) Standards & Labeling Scheme targets high energy end use equipments and appliances to lay down minimum energy performance standards. . Labeling of air-conditioners, refrigerators, tubular fluorescent lamps (TFLs) and distribution transformers were made mandatory on 7.1.2010. Six other appliances have been covered under the voluntary programme(Geysers, Motors, Pump sets, Colour TV, LPG Stoves, Ceiling Fans).
(c) Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) / Existing Buildings – ECBC sets minimum energy performance standards for new commercial buildings having a connected load of 100 kW. These codes define norms of energy requirement per square meter of area and takes into consideration the climatic regions of the country where the building is located. State Governments have the flexibility to modify the ECBC based on local and regional requirements. Energy efficiency measures in existing buildings are also being carried out through retrofitting. 45 ECBC expert architects have been empanelled. Investment grade audits have been initiated in 35 Central Government buildings and in 400 buildings in the states. 89 Energy Service Companies (ESCOs) have been empanelled and accredited. The star rating programme for office buildings, BPOs and shopping malls have been launched. 136 buildings have been found eligible for awarding the BEE star label.
(d) Agricultural and Municipal DSM targets replacement of inefficient pumpsets, street lighting, etc. The pilot activities under the scheme have been initiated in five states viz. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Punjab. The pilot scheme in Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh will be initiated in the second phase.
(e) Operationalising EC Act by Strengthening Institutional Capacity of State Designated Agencies (SDAs).The scheme seeks to build institutional capacity of the SDAs to enable them to perform their regulatory, enforcement and facilitative functions in the respective states. Action Plans for 31 States / UTs are under implementation. The study on potential savings in the states has been completed. The results of the study indicates that the total consumption assessed in all States is 501003 MU of electricity. There is a deficit of 73093 MU and the total energy saving potential is 75364.08 MU. This is about 15 % of the total consumption. If this can be tapped it will take care of the deficit.
(f) Energy Efficiency Improvement in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) aims at stimulating energy efficiency measures in 25 high energy consuming small and medium enterprise clusters. Activities under the scheme have been initiated.
The Energy Conservation Act was enacted in 2001 with the avowed goal of reducing energy intensity of Indian Economy. Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) was set up as a nodal statutory body on 1st March, 2002 at the central level to facilitate the implementation of the EC Act. The Integrated Energy Policy (IEP) lays emphasis on energy conservation and efficiency, particularly through Demand Side Measures (DSM) and estimates 15% saving of energy is possible by such interventions. In order to enhance the efforts to promote energy efficiency during the XI plan period and to achieve the target of reducing consumption by 5% (equivalent to 10,000 MW of avoided capacity) by 2012, BEE is targeting: House hold lighting; Commercial Buildings; Standards & Labeling of appliances; Demand Side Management in Agriculture / Municipalities; SMEs and Large Industries; and Capacity Building of SDAs.
MIT chemist Daniel Nocera has unveiled details about the world’s first practical artificial leaf that can turn sunlight and water into energy, which he claim could pave the way for a cheaper source of power in developing countries like India. Artificial leaf is basically a small solar cell that mimics photosynthesis and has the potential to produce low-cost electricity for individual homes.
Dr. Daniel Nocera led a team of chemists to create a tiny solar cell that mimics and improves upon regular photosynthesis. The “leaf,” which is about the size of a credit card (and looks nothing like a leaf, apparently), takes water and separates it into oxygen and hydrogen, which can then be used as an energy source. These leaves are 10 times more efficient than regular photosynthesis
Nocera’s solar cell isn’t the first artifical leaf, but it’s has three things that make it stand out:
- it’s made out of inexpensive materials that are widely available,
- it works simply, and
- its output doesn’t quickly degrade.
All those factors make the technology decidedly more practical than previous stabs at artificial photosynthetic power sources, and Nocera hopes his team’s invention will become a go-to energy source for the third world, where it could provide a house with all-day power on just one gallon of water.
It’s not as easy as putting the leaf in a bucket of water and occasionally refilling, however; the leaf would need to work with a fuel cell to store and process the hydrogen produced, making the idea a bit harder to implement, since fuel cells aren’t in widespread residential use.
These Artificial leaves of course lacks natural leafy plants’ ability to heal from damage, self-replicate, and self-generate from ground resources. Nonetheless, the efficiency mark is an impressive achievement (about 10 times more efficient).
The key to that success is special nickel-cobalt catalyst that Professor Nocera cooked up. Much like photosynthetic pigments that use metal ions as their active center, these catalysts use the harvest solar energy to perform chemical reactions.
The key obstacle now to this technology being practically suited for mass production is the lack of availability of cheap, durable fuel cells. Currently fuel cells capable of producing enough energy to power a modern house remain quite expensive, costing tens, if not hundreds of thousands of dollars. Still, it is reasonable to hope that similar breakthroughs will one day be able to drop the cost of fuel cells enough that the entire system will become feasible for mass deployment.
Bihar Energy Minister Birendra Prasad Yadav said that the state was depending on power supply received under Central allocation as its internal generation capacity was very low.
Making a statement in Bihar state Assembly, Mr Yadav said the Central quota of power for the state was about 1792 MW while the actual supply under central allocation was only about 800 MW per day.
Since the generation capacity of the state is negligible, it has to manage its power requirements from the central allocation.
From whatever power it gets from the central sector on daily basis against the state’s allocation, the board has to provide at least 413MW to Patna besides 350MW for essential services, including 60MW to Nepal (as per agreement with Central government), 90MW to railways, 75MW to continuous process industries, 35MW to defence, airports, agriculture university, dairy etc. It provides another 20MW to power houses, 20MW for Buddhist tourist circuit and 50MW is lost in transmission.
Mr Yadav said the state government had taken steps to revive the Barauni thermal power stations and its two units were generating about 50 MW per day under trial. The state government intended to increase the power generation capacity to bridge the gap between demand and supply in power sector, he added.
Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission, Mr Montek Singh Ahluwalia, on Saturday said it would be an achievement if India could achieve capacity addition of 52,000 MW of power generation at the end of 11th five-year-plan in 2012 despite much higher projections earlier.
The projections for power sector in the 11th plan were “unrealistic”, and had to be scaled down.
At the outset of 11th plan, target was 78,000 MW of capacity addition, but within two years it was scaled down to 62,000 MW, and now even if the country could add 52,000 MW, it would be a big “achievement”, Mr Ahluwalia said.
Speaking at the interactive session on `Growing disparity despite growing GDP’, Mr Ahluwalia said availability of coal for thermal power generation was a crucial factor for the sector.
Today, India imports 40 million tonnes of coal, which may go up to as much as 250 million tonnes in future, he said.
On the political unrest in middle-east, he said there was no imminent threat to Indian economy unless it affected petrol-production and prices.
Details of the targets and actual achievements during the various Plans are:
The public sector Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) in consortium with Swedish firm ABB had won a breakthrough order from the Power Grid Corporation of India Limited for ± 800 KV; 6,000 MW HVDC Multi-Terminal System Package associated with the NE/ER-N/WR Interconnector-1 project. This will be the world’s first ± 800 kV, 6,000 MW Ultra High Voltage Multi-terminal DC transmission link.
The link comprises three converter terminals and a power transmission system with a built-in capacity of up to 8,000 MW. The use of Ultra High Voltage (+ 800 kilovolt) minimises transmission losses.
The North-East Agra U HVDC link will have a capacity to transmit up to 6,000 MW of clean hydroelectric power from the North-East Region of the country to Agra across a distance of 1,728 km. This transmission super highway will to a large extent ease the ever increasing power shortages in northern India.
The order value for BHEL is $353 million (Rs 1590 crore), making it the largest order for the company in the T&D sector.
The first stage of the system is scheduled to be operational in 2014 and the second stage in 2015.
BHEL, together with ABB, had introduced HVDC technology in the country with ± 500 kV HVDC transmission system between Rihand and Dadri in 1991. Besides the ± 800 kV North-East Agra UHVDC link, BHEL has been instrumental in three out of four HVDC long distance projects undertaken by state/ central utilities so far.
These three projects are ± 500 kV, 1,500 MW Rihand – Dadri HVDC Project of NTPC; ± 500 kV, 1500 MW Chandrapur – Padghe HVDC Project of MSEB and ± 500 kV, 2,500 MW Ballia – Bhiwadi Project of PGCIL.
Founded – 1965
Head Quarter – Faridabad, Haryana
Director General – Sh. Subodh Garg
Motto – Together in Pursuit of Happiness
NPTI cherishes a vision of value orientation and value addition to national and transnational power and energy sectors through Training and Human Resources Development, endeavoring to energize people who energize the nations.
Emerge as global leaders in enhancing human and organizational excellence in Power and Energy Sectors by blending frontier Technologies with Management to facilitate HRD interventions that are instrumental in providing reliable, safe, economic and clean power.
National Power Training Institute (NPTI), a registered society under Ministry of Power, Government of India is committed to the development of Human Resources in Power Sector for the past four and a half decades. It is an ISO 9001 & ISO 14001 organization.
NPTI operates on an all India basis through its Units in different zones of the country located at Faridabad, Neyveli (1965), Durgapur (1968) Badarpur – New Delhi (1974), Nagpur (1975), Centre for Advanced Management and Power Studies (CAMPS) – Faridabad (2000), North-Eastern Regional Institute – Guwahati (2003), Hydro Power Training Institute (HPTI) – Nangal (2009), Power Systems Training Institute (PSTI) – Bangalore (1972) and Hot Line Training Centre (HLTC) also at Bangalore (1974).The Institutes of NPTI are well equipped with Hi-Tech infrastructural facilities for conducting different courses on technical as well as management subjects covering the needs of Thermal, Hydro, Transmission & Distribution Systems, and Energy related fields of the Indian Power and allied Energy sectors.
It has high fidelity, real-time full scope 500 MW CE Boiler & KWU at Faridabad, 210 MW CE Boiler & LMW design Fossil Fuel Fired Power Plant Training Simulator at Badarpur Institute and 210 MW CE Boiler Turbine KWU Design Simulator at Nagpur Institute for imparting off-job specialized skills to operation personnel across the country. Also a 430 MW (2×143 MW Gas Turbine and 1 x 144 MW Steam Turbines} Full Scope CCGT Replica Simulator has been commissioned at NPTI Corporate Office, Faridabad. A High fidelity Load Despatch Operator Simulator for the National Grid will be shortly instated at PSTI, Bangalore.
A Geographical Information System (GIS) Resource Centre housing hi-tech tools for training and consultancy in the areas of GIS based electricity Distribution Network Planning and Management has been set up at NPTI Corporate Office, Faridabad.
A facility has been created at NPTI’s Hot Line Training Centre, Bangalore for Live Line Maintenance of Transmission Lines upto 400 KV (first of its kind in Asia) which enables trained personnel to attend to maintenance requirements without power interruptions. Facilities for water washing of sub-station equipments is also available.
History of NPTI
The Central Water and Power Commission (Power Wing) established Thermal Power Station Personnel Training Institutes in 1965-1975 at Neyveli (1965),Durgapur (1968), Badarpur (1974) and Nagpur (1975) for training the engineers of thermal power stations which were being established in the country during that time. It also established the Power Systems Training Institute (PSTI) in 1972 and Hot Line Training Centre (HLTC) in 1974 at Bangalore. With the bifurcation of the Central Water and Power Commission into the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) and Central Water Commission (CWC) in the 1970s, the Institute came under the Central Electricity Authority (CEA). In the late 1970s the Raj Dekshya Committee set up by the Government of India to improve the power sector of the country recommended among many things formal training for the personnel employed in the power industry. Accordingly the Indian Electricity Rule was amended to make training mandatory for the personnel employed in the generating stations and associated sub stations. With this the Thermal Power Station Personnel Training Institutes under the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) were carved out and formed into a separate autonomous body under the Ministry of Power as the Power Engineers Training Society (PETS) in 1980 to give more importance to Power Training and to have an accelerated growth of the Institutes. Later, in 1993 Power Engineers Training Society (PETS) was renamed as National Power Training Institute (NPTI). Power Systems Training Institute (PSTI) and Hot Line Training Centre (HLTC) was merged with NPTI in 2002
Several long-term and short-term training programs in the areas of Thermal, Hydro, Transmission & Distribution and Management etc. are being conducted in the various Institutes of NPTI. Customized training programs for various Power Utilities are also organised round the year. NPTI also conducts following industry interfaced academic programs with the objective to create a pool of committed and competent professionals equipped with appropriate technical skills to steer the Indian Power Sector:-
- Two Year MBA in Power Management - The Centre for Advanced Management and Power Studies (CAMPS) has been established at NPTI Faridabad with the aim of interfacing frontier Technologies with management. CAMPS launched its first ever MBA program in Power Management, one of its kind in the sub-continent to meet the huge requirement of Power Managers in Ministry of Power’s massive efforts for attaining self-sufficiency in Power Sector and run the Indian Power Sector on Commercial lines. This MBA Program is duly approved by AICTE and is affiliated to Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak. This Program with a Difference has a special emphasis on reforming Power Sector issues and ethos to give extra strength to Indian Power Sector Engineers applying management theories and concepts to live problems of electricity industry in these challenging times.
- One Year Post Graduate Diploma Course in Thermal Power Plant Engineering - In one of its most successful attempts to create a pool of Technically trained man power for ready availability for recruitment by PSUs /SEBs /Power Utilities, NPTI launched a one year Post Graduate Diploma Course in Thermal Power Plant Engineering in 1996 recognised by AICTE, at its institutes in Badarpur, Nangal, Nagpur, Guwahati, Durgapur and Neyveli for fresh and practicing Graduate Engineers. The PG Diploma Course is having an exceptionally encouraging response and many Power Companies recruited this trained man power through campus recruitment over the years
- The 4-year B. Tech. /B.E., in Power Engineering (Mechanical/Electrical) course – being offered by NPTI is the first of its kind in India. The program is directed at the young aspirants who are looking for a bright career in the Power Industry ,the back bone of all industrial activity. This is an AICTE approved course being offered at Badarpur, Nagpur & Durgapur Institutes and are respectively affiliated toGGSIP University, Nagpur University & West Bengal University of Technology. The course is directed at creating a pool of committed and competent professionals equipped with appropriate Technical skills to steer the Indian Power Sector and run it on techno commercial lines.
- One Year Post Diploma Course in Thermal Power Plant Engineering - Sensing the need for trained man power in the supervisory cadre the Post Diploma Course in Thermal Power Plant Engineering was launched in December 2000 at the four Institutes at Badarpur,Nagpur, Durgapur and Neyveli. This one year course is aimed at developing skills and the attitude for fresh and practicing Diploma engineers.
- One Year Post Graduate Diploma in GIS and Remote Sensing (RS)
- Nine Months Post Graduate Diploma Course in Hydro Power Plant Engg.
- Six Months O&M of Transmission and Distribution System for Engineers
Certificate of Competency in Power Distribution Program : Ministry of Power has taken an initiative for development of Human Resources at Group ‘C’ and ‘D’ level in Transmission & Distribution area with the assistance of USAID. In this direction, a Certificate of Competency in Power Distribution (CCPD) program has been launched in collaboration with IGNOU and NPTI. The program has been designed for the Technicians/Tradesmen working in Power Sector (sponsored by Utilities) and Non-sponsored general candidates at least 8th Pass.
Indo-German Energy Program : M/s Evonik Energy Services (India) Pvt. Ltd. [formerly known as M/s STEAG Encotech (India) Pvt. Ltd. (SEL)], I have entered with a long-term association with NPTI to implement the Project “Power Plant Performance Reporting and Improvement under Energy Conservation Act” in the country by way of organizing training programs/seminars/workshops etc. This program is conducted in cooperation with CEA and BEE.
Consultancy Services :In order to serve the industry requirements and make best usage of infrastructure and expertise, NPTI has ventured into providing consultancy services in the field of Human Resources Development including Training Need Analysis, Upgradation of training facilities, Customized Course Designs, Capacity Assessment/Evaluation for Promotion/Recruitment etc. NPTI also provides consultancy in Preparation of DPRs under R-APDRP (11th Plan) and NPTI is also REC Quality Monitors (RQM) for Tier-II Inspection of RGGVY Works under 11th Plan for Six States. NPTI has also been awarded the Third Party Inspecting Agency (TPIA) works for a new DISCOMs for the RGGVY works under the 10th Plan & 11th Plan.
NPTI has workshops and laboratories for providing practical training in preventive and corrective maintenance methods and techniques of power and process industries such as:
- Control & Instrumentation (C&I) labs with facilities for calibration, repair and tuning of different types of process control instruments.
- Condition Monitoring Cell for vibration analysis & Non destructive testing (NDT)
- Maintenance workshops for pumps, valves, bearings, shaft alignments etc.
- Labs for relay testing, electrical equipment – switchgear, transformers and motors
- Computer labs with high speed LAN/WAN
NPTI libraries at the Corporate Office and the regional institutes have a large collection of books and video packages related to modern power station technology practices, frontier technologies and managerial aspects. They also subscribe to a number of Indian and foreign technical journals and periodicals.
NPTI’s forte in training lies in its state-of-the-art training support services such as audio-visual aids, computer compatible projection systems, slide and film projectors, VCRs, recording decks, synchronised projection systems, video recording for mirroring technique etc. together with graphic and photographic studios for development of training materials.