Monthly Archives: April 2014

Waste To Energy in India : Conference by InfraLine

270x150_Waste to Energy

The increasing industrialization, urbanization and changes in the pattern of life, which accompany the process of economic growth, give rise to generation of increasing quantities of wastes leading to increased threats to the environment. In recent years, technologies have been developed that not only help in generating substantial quantity of decentralized energy but also in reducing the quantity of waste for its safe disposal.

Every year, about 55 million tonnes of municipal solid waste (MSW) and 38 billion liters of sewage are generated in the urban areas of India. In addition, large quantities of solid and liquid wastes are generated by industries. Waste generation in India is expected to increase rapidly in the future. As more people migrate to urban areas and as incomes increase, consumption levels are likely to rise, as are rates of waste generation. It is estimated that the amount of waste generated in India will increase at a per capita rate of approximately 1-1.33% annually. This has significant impacts on the amount of land that is and will be needed for disposal, economic costs of collecting and transporting waste, and the environmental consequences of increased MSW generation levels.
According to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), there exists a potential of about 1700 MW from urban waste (1500 from MSW and 225 MW from sewage) and about 1300 MW from industrial waste. The ministry is also actively promoting the generation of energy from waste, by providing subsidies and incentives for the projects. Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) estimates indicate that India has so far realized only about 2% of its waste-to-energy potential. A market analysis from Frost and Sullivan predicts that the Indian municipal solid waste to energy market could be growing at a compound annual growth rate of 9.7% by 2013
With growing public awareness about sanitation and increasing pressure on the Government and urban local bodies to manage waste more efficiently, the Indian Waste to Energy Sector is poised to grow at a rapid pace in India in the years to come. Infraline Energy feels that the pressing needs of Waste Management and reliable renewable sources are creating very attractive opportunities for investors and project developers. Against this backdrop, Infraline Energy is holding its 1st Annual Conference on Waste to Energy in India: Opportunities and Challenges. The conference aims to bring together a cross section of stakeholders directly and indirectly associated with this sector wherein various challenges stalling the growth and causing roadblocks for the growth of this sector would be deliberated upon and many key points will emerge for their resolution.
Who Should Attend:
Residual Waste Services, Waste Management Organizations, Consulting Firms, Alternative Energy Firms, Government Organizations. Investment Firms, Sustainability Consultants, Technology Providers, Equipment and Service Providers, Engineering Companies, Waste Technology Management Companies Fees:
INR 15,000 (Early bird before 14th May 2014) and INR 18,000 (Standard Price)
Contact Details:
Sameer Hussaini
Sr. Manager – Business Development
Tel: +91-11-66250002 (D) 46250000 (B)
Mobile: 9999342832, Fax: +91-11-46250099
Email: sameer.hussaini@infraline.com

Energy security is key if India is to become a superpower- A Report

Energy security is critical for a country like India with a population of 1.2 billion and one that aspires to be in the league of superpowers.

Energy demand has been growing steadily, only to be expected of a growing economy of the size of India. However, supply is unable to keep pace with it, thus pushing the nation to the brink of an energy crisis.

India’s Integrated Energy Policy, touches upon the following key issues related to energy security in the country:

– Meeting India’s large energy demand to sustain an annual economic growth rate of 8 to 9 percent through 2031-32.
– Meeting the energy demands of all sectors including the lifeline energy needs of vulnerable households.
– To ensuring sustainability in energy supply and use.

Demand-Supply Gap

During the Eleventh Five Year Plan, nearly 55,000 MW of new generation capacity (electricity) was created, yet there continued to be an overall energy deficit of 8.7% and peak shortage of 9.00%, according to a Central Statistics Office report.

Resources currently allocated to the energy sector are not sufficient to narrow the demand-supply gap. As a result, our dependence on imports is increasing.

Going further, this demand-supply rift is only set to widen. In fact, according to the World Energy Outlook 2012, global energy demand is likely to grow by one-third over the period to 2035 with China, India and the Middle East accounting for 60% of the increase.

Not to forget, India is the fourth largest primary energy consumer after China, USA and Russia. Besides, it accounts for more than 4.6 % of the total global annual energy consumption.

If India is to maintain an average growth rate of about 8% in the coming years, its energy resources will continue to feel the strain.

Challenges related to energy security

Low number of proven hydrocarbon reserves and lack of interest of foreign players in exploration and production is having a negative impact on India’s energy sector.

Only 22% of our sedimentary basins have been explored for energy resources. The rest are oscillating between ‘exploration initiated’ to ‘poorly explored’.

More oil and gas imports: The volume of gas imports has been steadily increasing in India, all the more after the once lucrative KG-D6 basin began to see a dip in its production. Our crude oil import bills too are inflating.

During the Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-2017), import dependence on crude oil is expected to increase from ~76% in FY11 to ~80% in FY17 and import dependence on natural gas is expected to increase from ~21% in FY11 to 35% in FY17.

Rising imports highlight the lack of self-sufficiency of the energy sector, which is a matter of grave concern.

Reducing coal supply: According to the Coal Ministry website, production of coal has risen from 70 million tonnes at the time of nationalization of coal mines in early 1970′s to nearly 557.66 million tonnes in 2012-13.

The Twelfth Five Year Plan stresses that it is essential to ramp up coal production to 795 million tones by 2016-17. However, Coal India foresees a 20% shortage in the next five years.

The coal sector has been facing challenges on the domestic as well as imports front. While production is seen as going down, imports face infrastructure and cost hurdles.

Renewable and unconventional sources of energy: Renewable energy resources can go a long away in mitigating in India’s energy woes, however their full potential is yet to be realized. As of now, wind contributes to most of our renewable energy.

Mounting pressure on conventional energy sources is making India turn towards unconventional ones. As a result, there has been talk of shale gas exploration, which has been a huge success in the US.

However, it’s still in the nascent stages and will need a liberal fiscal and policy framework to succeed.

Policy and Regulatory Hurdles

Pricing is a huge concern in the hydrocarbon and coal sector, as domestic prices are often disconnected from global trends.

Regulatory uncertainties come in the way of investments in the oil and gas upstream sector. It would do well if an independent regulator were to oversee contract administration, monitoring and review. At present, the government is involved in these tasks. The downstream sector is yet evolving in terms of policies. 

Other issues that plague India’s energy sector are delays in land acquisition, rehabilitation and resettlement and obtaining environment and forest clearances.

It is only when we have a stable regulatory environment can investments in the oil and gas sector increase.

Sources: CSO , World energy Outlook-2012.

Damodar Valley Corporation plans to opt out of retail distribution to cut losses.

In a bid to cut loses and cap its outstanding dues on sale of power, Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) has decided to opt out of retail distribution and move to bulk power sale to state utilities in West Bengal and Jharkhand, a move which has invited the ire of workers and officials. 

The company, which has loses amounting to Rs 1,500 crore and outstanding dues of Rs 7,500 crore, also intends to hand over water management services to the states which receive grants from the centre. A large section of officers and workers in the company have started opposing the management’s decision.

“Officials on deputation from NTPC at DVC have been threatened and asked to go back,” said a senior DVC official on condition of anonymity. Arup Roy Choudhury, DVC’s acting chairman, defended the move. “In my opinion, this is the only way out for long-term survival of DVC. We will make sure there is no loss of employment or any financial adversaries to the company. However, I am not the deciding authority for any structural change in DVC and it is up to the stakeholders and the Centre to take a final decision”. DVC would prefer to concentrate on power generation and pursue its goal of emerging as the second-largest power producer after NTPC. “The structural change becomes all the more important because DVC will now come under the Electricity Act of 2013, which overrules certain freedom available to DVC,” said a DVC official, who didn’t want to be named. DVC was formed by an Act in 1948, much before the Constitution of India came into existence. The company was structured on the lines of Tennessee Valley Corporation of the US, wherein the command area of Damodar River was considered to be managed totally flood control, irrigation , power generation, soil conservation, social upliftment among others. After the Electricity Act, 2003, DVC was reduced to just an independent power producer.

Source: Economic Times

AIPEF opposes move to dismantle DVC

AIPEF opposes move to dismantle DVC
Tuesday April 29, 2014
Chandigarh
All India power Engineers Federation (AIPEF) has urged the Prime Minister to stop the game plan of Arup Roychudhary NTPC Chairman who also holds the charge of Chairman Damodar valley Corporation (DVC) and is awfully keen to get 1320 MW Katwa project and for which he is prepared to sell DVC Transmission assets to West Bengal..
Arup Roychoudhry CMD NTPC is keen to start work on Katwa project of 1320 MW in West Bengal at the earliest. However this can be possible only with the consent of West Bengal Government and for this West Bengal is demanding that as a pre condition DVC must hand over its 220 KV and 132 KV transmission system in West Bengal area to it.
This is a glaring case on misuse of authority on part of CMD NTPC to sell off DVC transmission assets ( misusing his position as CMD DVC) just in order to help NTPC get business of executing a 1320 MW project..Katwa. How an officiating chairman can take such major policy decisions without seeking the consent of other stake-holders, said Padamjit Singh, Chief Patron of AIPEF.
Arup Roychoudhry who is holding the dual charge of Chairman DVC has not used his expertise or resources of NTPC to help the DVC thermal projects in trouble. While DVC Raghunathpur project is stalled and 4 years behind schedule the priority of Arup Roychoudhry is to grab Katwa project for NTPC.
AIPEF in its letter has alleged that Chairman DVC it is not fair to favor one stakeholder West Bengal while putting Jharkhand to disadvantage and while ignoring the Government of India which is third stakeholder.
AIPEF has urged the Government to Since the selection process of new Chairman DVC had been completed GOI must appoint the new Chairman DVC whose selection process has been completed so that further damage to DVC can be avoided.
At a board meeting held in Calcutta on April 21, DVC top brass discussed the proposal to hand over high tension transmission and distribution systems in Bengal along with its existing consumers to West Bengal State Electricity Distribution Company Limited.
It may be mentioned that the DVC was formed by an act passed by Parliament in 1948. Its ownership is shared proportionately by the Centre, Jharkhand and West Bengal. Its assets, therefore, cannot be segregated on the basis of geographical presence. If done, it would go against the very purpose of DVC’s formation.

Suzlon Group’s Senvion and ENERTRAG sign contracts for 27 turbines in France

Hamburg/Courbevoie: Senvion SE, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Suzlon Group, the world’s fifth-largest* wind energy turbine manufacturer, concluded four contracts with ENERTRAG, one of the major renewable energy suppliers in Europe for supply and installation of 27 wind turbines with a total rated output of 54.45 megawatt (MW) for four wind farms in France. Senvion will provide the full maintenance of the wind farms for 15 years.

Renneville wind farm, located in Champagne-Ardenne, is under construction and the commissioning is planned for June 2014. Nine Senvion MM92 wind turbines each with a rated power of 2.05 MW, a hub height of 100 metres and a rotor diameter of 92.5 metres, will be installed for this wind farm. With a total rated output of 18.45 MW, it will cover the electricity needs of approximately 18,500 people (including heating) and save 12,300 tons of CO2 emissions annually.tories

18 Senvion MM100 turbines, each with a rated power of 2 MW, a hub height of 100 metres and a rotor diameter of 100 metres, are destined for three wind farms in Chaourse, Anguilcourt and La Ville-aux–Bois-lès-Dizy, located in Picardy region. They will be the first MM100 turbines installed in France. With a swept rotor area of 7,854 m2, the MM100 enables the capture of more wind energy and suits perfectly to the wind conditions of low wind sites in France. The installation of Chaourse wind farm is planned for the end of 2014. After completion, these three wind farms have 36 MW of rated power output and will provide electricity to approximately 36,000 people (including heating) and save 24,000 tons of CO2 emissions annually.

ENERTRAG is specialised in generating electricity exclusively from renewable sources, mainly from wind energy. “After eight years of project development, we are very enthousiastic about the construction of these four wind farms. The 27 turbines from Senvion are technically proven and well-adapted for this part of France”, said Thierry Vergnaud, the General Director of ENERTRAG France.

Olivier Perot, Senvion France S.A.S. Managing Director, said: “We are proud of this first contract with ENERTRAG in France. The confidence granted by ENERTRAG to us shows the relevance of the MM100, a turbine perfectly adapted to French market and the reliability of the solutions provided by Senvion.”

Wind energy sector gets $184m VC funding in Q1

Sector sees a vibrant year in terms of funding both in India and abroad

The wind energy sector in India continues to attract venture capital (VC) funding. In the first quarter of the calendar year 2014, the sector has received around $184 million funds and project commitments for 164.4 MW. The sector, both in India and abroad, had seen a vibrant and strong year in terms of VC funding, M&A transactions and debt funding in 2013.

In India alone, there were 14 major transactions with deal value touching over $600 million. Of this, the disclosed deal value was worth $569 million.

The latest report from Mercom Capital group, a global clean energy consulting company, said in the first quarter of 2014, there were 164.4 MW new project announcements in India. The major project financing transactions in the sector in India in the first quarter of 2014 included the Continuum Wind Energy and Rayala Wind Power deal.

“Continuum Wind Energy, through its subsidiary surajbari windfarm development, raised $144 million project financing from IFC and a group of syndicate lenders for construction and development of two wind power projects in Madhya Pradesh. Similarly, Rayala Wind Power, a project developer, secured $39.7 million funding from the Central Bank of India, Infrastructure Development Finance Company and Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency for development, construction and operation of a 50 MW wind project in Andhra Pradesh,” the Mercom report said.

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NTPC floats tender to import thermal coal

KOLKATA (miningweekly.com) – India’s largest power producer,NTPC Limited has floated a global tender for import of seven-million tontones of coal to feed 12 of its thermal power plants across the country.

The import would be the start of the company’s plans to import a total of 15-million tonnes of coal during 2014/15 based on projected shortfall in supplies from domestic miner Coal India Limited (CIL).

During 2013/14, NTPC imported 10-million tonnes of coal to meet shortfall from domestic sources. Last fiscal year, the company was not able to meet a higher import target of 16-million tonnes, citing ‘procedural problem’ relating to concluding import contracts.

According to tender document inviting international coal suppliers, 2.25-million tonnes of coal would be earmarked for its thermal plants at Talcher, Kaniha, Farakka, Kahalgaon and Barh while another 2.05-million tonnes would be for Simhadri and Ramagundam plants and 1.15-million tones for Rihand and Vindhyachal plants. Another 1.55-million tonnes would be to feed plants at Dadri, Sipat and Mouda projects.

One of the major reasons for the power utility’s import dependency has been its inability to commence coal mining from any of the ten captive mines allocated to it even though NTPC has projects in hand to add generating capacity of 20 000 MW by 2017.

As a strategic objective to reduce import dependency, NTPC has planned investments of $1.4-bilionn to develop its captive coal-mines and reduce share of imported coal in its total requirement to 10% from 21% at present.

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AEG Power Solutions Sells its Indian Facility of Bangalore to Toshiba Mitsubishi-Electric Industrial Systems Corporation (TMEIC)

BANGALORE, India, Apr 28, 2014 (BUSINESS WIRE) — AEG Power Solutions (fwb:3W9), a global provider of power electronics systems and solutions for industrial power supplies and renewable energy applications, today announced that it has sold its Indian subsidiary, AEG Power Solutions India PVT Ltd., to TOSHIBA MITSUBISHI-ELECTRIC INDUSTRIAL SYSTEMS CORPORATION?TMEIC), based in Tokyo, Japan, who is expanding its activities on the Indian domestic market.

AEG PS’s Indian facility is mainly focused on solar inverters manufacturing for the Indian market. The state of the art 80,000 sq. ft. production site in Bangalore has a capacity to manufacture products generating 400 MW per year. The business sold involves both manufacturing and sales and represents annual revenues of €12.39 million and 85 employees.

This sale is part of AEG PS’s ongoing restructuring efforts and concentration on its core areas of competitive strength. “The AEG PS Group is continuing to concentrate its scope and efforts on its core businesses and markets. This divesture is a significant milestone in the ongoing reorganization process of AEG Power Solutions. We are delighted to have a partner that will continue to provide to our customers an equally high standard of capability and expertise as well as give a long and prosperous future for the highly talented Indian colleagues. TMEIC will offer our Indian facility the volume and depth to continue their growth and development”, said Jeffrey Casper, CRO and member of the Board of Directors.
Under the agreement, TMEIC has acquired 100% of the share capital of AEG Power Solutions India PVT Ltd.

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Special Solar Inverters to Help Reduce Power Intake

The Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB) has invited Expression of Interest (EoI) from suppliers and manufacturers of solar inverters with ‘peak load-shifter’ facility, which enables their charging during off-peak hours.

The KSEB had earlier conducted a feasibility survey in the Cantonment Electrical Section here on the viability of using solar-powered inverters to fight rising power consumption. What the KSEB plans to do is empanel suppliers and manufacturers of off-grid solar inverters so that consumers can purchase the units from them.

The conventional inverters in fact add to the burden of the KSEB with consumers charging them during peak hours in the morning and evening when electricity consumption is at a high point.

Through the solar inverter project, the KSEB hopes to ‘postpone’ the charging of inverter batteries during the off-peak daytime hours using solar power taking the burden off the KSEB grid. “These inverters are to be charged from solar power during daytime and should be able to provide backup power to essential loads during power failure and also meet a portion of the load of the consumers during peak hours,” says the EOI document.

This April, the peak time demand has hovered between 3,100 megawatts (MW) and 3,300 MW. Peak hours are generally between 6 am and 9 am and 6 pm and 10.30 pm.

Source:

At WTO, India may oppose USA’s stance on Jawaharlal Nehru Solar Mission.

The United States has approached the World Trade Organization (WTO) against India’s policy requiring power producers to use locally sourced content in the Jawaharlal Nehru Solar Mission, prompting India to consider a retaliatory complaint against America’s similarly restrictive policies in the sector in 13 of its states. Talks between the two sides over purchase of solar equipment from American firms failed to convince the US, a commerce department official said, adding that the issue is likely to escalate into setting up of a dispute settlement panel within the global trade body in May.

The solar issue could not be sorted out in the consultations, as per the US, which has now asked for setting up of the dispute settlement panel,” said the official, who did not wish to be identified .India is likely to counter this since the country has been WTO compliant in its solar mission, the official said. “India will likely seek consultation for non-compliance of WTO laws by the US. The US has done so many things which are WTO non-compliant and India has been tolerating it. There is a strong view in certain quarters that we should retaliate,” he added.

The US has alleged discrimination against solar cells and modules made in America owing to the requirement that solar power developers participating in phase-II of National Solar Mission use solar cells and modules manufactured only in India.”Definitely the domestic content requirements restrict our entitlement and in the specific example of the JNNSM Phase-II this creates a 50% restriction of the specific demand that was originally intended from this programme,” said the spokesperson of First Solar, a major US manufacturer of solar cells and the prime exporter to India. First Solar participated in the project development bidding of JNNSM and won a 30 mw solar power project.

Source: Economic Times.

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