Power Plant

Power Plant

power station (also referred to as a generating stationpower plant, or powerhouse) is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power.

Power plant is also used to refer to the engine in ships, aircraft and other large vehicles. Some prefer to use the term energy center because it more accurately describes what the plants do, which is the conversion of other forms of energy, like chemical energy, gravitational potential energy or heat energy into electrical energy. However, power plant is the most common term in the U.S, while elsewhere power station and power plant are both widely used.

At the center of nearly all power stations is a generator, a rotating machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy by creating relative motion between a magnetic field and a conductor. The energy source harnessed to turn the generator varies widely. It depends chiefly on which fuels are easily available and on the types of technology that the power company has access to.

Out of different types of Power Plants, major one are:

i) Thermal Power Plant: At present 53.4% or 92378.38 MW (Data Source CEA, as on 30/12/2010) of total electricity production in India is from Coal Based Thermal Power Station. A coal based thermal power plant converts the chemical energy of the coal into electrical energy. This is achieved by raising the steam in the boilers, expanding it through the turbine and coupling the turbines to the generators which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy…

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ii)Hydro Power Plant: In hydroelectric power plants the potential energy of water due to its high location is converted into electrical energy. The total power generation capacity of the hydroelectric power plants depends on the head of water and volume of water flowing towards the water turbine.
It is the most widely used form of renewable energy. Once a hydroelectric complex is constructed, the project produces no direct waste, and has a considerably lower output level of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) than fossil fuel powered energy plants…

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iii) Nuclear Power Plant: Nuclear power is the fourth-largest source of electricity in India after thermal, hydro and renewable sources of electricity. As of 2010, India has 19 nuclear power plants in operation generating 4,560 MW while 4 other are under construction and are expected to generate an additional 2,720 MW. India is also involved in the development of fusion reactors through its participation in the ITER project…

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This is a list of States and Union Territories of India by installed capacity of power utilities with generation mode break-up as of 31-05-10published by theMinistry of Power with figures in millions of watts (megawatts).

Rank State/Union Territory Total Installed Capacity Total Thermo Nuclear Hydro RES**
India 159968.45 95151.74 4860.00 36877.76 13242.41
1 Maharashtra 21469.24 14071.28 852.06 3332.83 2159.21
2 Tamil Nadu 14638.28 6957.77 657.39 2093.95 4379.64
3 Gujarat 14325.47 8104.08 37.41 3572.93 668.66
4 Andhra Pradesh 13920.58 9498.39 825.00 3772.00 1397.50
5 Karnataka 10533.54 7034.47 203.72 1605.49 402.98
6 Uttar Pradesh 9,646.73 4057.09 190.90 3518.20 1880.54
7 Madhya Pradesh 6,780.01 3435.93 151.04 3031.57 161.47
8 West Bengal 8,113.27 4534.01 92.88 3223.67 262.71
9 Punjab 6,426.15 3774.03 469.00 1456.82 726.30
10 Rajasthan 8,471.69 6470.14 740.00 1162.00 99.55
11 Haryana 8,530.29 7054.03 76.16 1331.40 68.70
12 DVC 3386.00 3190.00 0.00 196.00 0.00
13 Delhi Territory 3,677.34 3045.20 47.08 585.06 0.00
15 Kerala 3514.05 1545.82 80.09 1769.10 119.04
12 Orissa 2072.46 0865.23 0.00 1174.93 32.30
19 Jharkhand 2,152.57 1972.52 0.00 176.00 4.05
21 Himachal Pradesh 1,896.47 156.43 14.08 1540.84 185.12
14 Chhattisgarh 3,607.05 3312.90 0.00 120.00 174.15
20 Bihar 1,969.99 1846.59 0.00 73.00 50.40
17 Uttarakhand 2,383.03 301.05 16.28 1955.73 109.97
18 Jammu and Kashmir 2,158.95 509.62 68.00 1469.50 111.83
22 Assam 980.30 522.19 0.00 431.00 27.11
23 Goa 357.23 327.18 0.00 0.00 30.05
24 Meghalaya 288.08 28.05 0.00 229.00 31.03
25 Pondicherry Territory 256.62 239.51 17.09 0.00 0.02
26 Tripura 243.36 165.35 0.00 62.00 16.01
28 Arunachal Pradesh 180.14 36.88 0.00 98.00 45.26
29 Manipur 158.86 71.41 0.00 81.00 5.45
30 Mizoram 119.33 67.86 0.00 34.00 17.47
27 Sikkim 193.09 76.98 0.00 75.00 41.11
31 Nagaland 102.67 21.00 0.00 53.00 28.67
32 NLC 100.17 100.17 0.00 0.00 0.00
33 Chandigarh Territory 93.46 41.58 4.84 47.04 0.00
36 Andaman and Nicobar Islands Territory 65.40 60.05 0.00 0.00 5.35
34 Dadra and Nagar Haveli Territory 80.78 78.80 1.98 0.00 0.00
35 Daman and Diu Territory 71.10 69.12 1.98 0.00 0.00
37 Lakshadweep Territory 10.73 9.97 0.00 0.00 0.76

Renewable Energy Sources (RES) includes SHP, BG, BP, U&I, and Wind Energy.

Abbreviation:—- SHP=Small Hydro Project, BG=Biomass Gasifier, BP=Biomass Power, U&I=Urban & Industrial Waste Power, RES=Renewable Energy Sources.

5 Responses to Power Plant

  1. Girish K.L says:

    Hi,
    We have been serving the I.T & B.T Industries, Hospitals, Apartments, Malls, Garments, Schools & Collages in various places in the field of Testing, Calibration, Filtration, Pre-Commissioning & Commissioning of H.T & L.T Installations, And as we feel all of our customers is our future, So we request you kindly to give us a chance to provide you with much better services and with best competitive prices for all the times in future. We are now requesting you to kindly get in touch with us for all your any Testing, Commissioning, Servicing & Installation needs which would receive our best attention.

    We do Pre-Commissioning & Commissioning of various Sub-Stations from 3.3kV to 400kV Sub-Station and also Thermal Power Station, Hydro Power Station & Nuclear Power Stations.

    We also undertake AMC for Annual Testing & Calibration of L.T, H.T & D.G Sets.

    Nature of Job.

    On-Line Calibration of All types of Meter with CT’s.
    Annual Maintenance Contracts for Calibration & Servicing of Instruments. Protective Relays & Meters.
    Pre-Commissioning Tests & Commissioning of H.T & L.T Installations & D.G Sets.
    Capacitance & Tan Delta Tests
    Testing & Filtration of Transformer oil while in service.
    Servicing of Transformers, OLTC, Circuit Breakers & Earth Pits.
    Re-Conditioning & Construction of New G.I, Copper & Chemical Earthing.
    Submission of Compliance Report.
    Periodical Approval @ Chief Electrical Inspector of Govt.
    Supply & Erections etc.

  2. mohd arooj says:

    all solar power work

  3. AROGYAIAH says:

    How to reduce the cable power loses is there any solutions for that if avalable please guid me or explain me

  4. S.kumar says:

    THANKS SUMIT KUMAR
    BEST OF LUCK FOR FUTURE

  5. Blessing says:

    Thanks for starting the ball rolling with this iinsght.

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